A Great cd is by Dr Brant Pitre, which is called Jesus and the Jewish Roots of the Eucharist He is some notes I made, when listening to the cd!
The Jews were not waiting for an earthly king…. Only the Zealots would believe that. Read the Dead Sea Scrolls…. Many were waiting for another Melchizadek (Many spiritual blessings!). They wanted a new Exodus, as a new hope! (Promised Land!) They were to go to Jerusalem
1) Exodus hope had a deliverer in Moses. The tribes were released from Egypt (Only Jews!). They had a journey to the Promised Land. The tabernacle was in the centre. To offer sacrifice (The worship centre!).
2) New hope was in the Messiah. (The anointed one!). Both Israel and gentiles from sin and death itself. A New temple. Which would be to a new temple (There would be the new centre!) Prophets foretell a New Jerusalem. They were to save everyone to the new Promised Land (Both Gentiles and Jews!)
You can go to brantpitre.com/ May God bless you! :D