I was baptized Catholic as an infant and practiced the Catholic faith until I was 17. However I was never confirmed. I then stopped attending Mass and started going to a Protestant church. I was rebaptized, and then started having doubts about the Protestant faith. I left that church and was thinking about returning to the Catholic Church when I met a woman from a different Protestant church. I started attending her church and we were married by her minister.
We separated within two years of our marriage and were divorced civilly shortly thereafter. I then returned to the Catholic Church, received the sacraments of penance and confirmation, and have been a practicing Catholic (again) for about five years.
I asked a couple of priests shortly after returning to the Church if I needed a formal annulment and was told that I did not due to a lack of canonical form (Catholic married outside the Church without a dispensation).
I’ve recently been discerning a vocation to the priesthood and discovered Canon 1117, “…was baptized in the Catholic Church or received into it and has not by a formal act defected from it…” Since then I’ve talked to a couple of priests and received several different interpretations on whether being rebaptized into another faith would constitute a formal act.
I’ve started the annulment process, but I’m curious about whether I really do need a formal annulment. Is there any formal Church teaching on what constitutes a formal act?