[quote="TMC, post:6, topic:238150"]
The Church teaches that Jews, Muslims and Christian all worship the same God. From Lumen Gentium 16:
...In the first place amongst these there are the Mohammedans, who, professing to hold the faith of Abraham, along with us adore the
one and merciful God, who on the last day will judge mankind.
I challenge the inclusion of the article "the" (which I have highlighted in the quote) in this English translation.
OK, I had one year of high school Latin, but I know Latin does not have articles. The (official) Latin text of Lumen Gentium says:
Deum adorant unicum
This means, "Adore (adorant) one (unicum) God (Deum)." It does not mean "Adore THE one God." This is a dubious translation, which includes a nuance that the Council did not teach, and is thus not part of Catholic doctrine. The Church does not assure the accuracy of any translation.
There is no question that the Muslims worship one God, as do we. But our God is one God in three persons, which the Muslims utterly reject. We both worship one God, but we do not worship "THE one God" (which implies they are the same, which they clearly are not).
A more accurate English translation would have omitted the article "the" altogether. This would align the translation more closely with what the Council actually taught.