And while it is inarguable that Christ’s death does not satisfy temporal justice, could it not be said that it does “fulfill” certain prescriptions for temporal justice (ie numerous Mosaic prescriptions for putting one to death or sacrificing animals)?
Sacrificing animals was a spiritual prescription, it was a physical act, but which served a spiritual purpose (pleasing God, etc.).
Further, Mosaic law is a complex issue, first because an in-depth reading shows that what actually happens is that the people of Israel sin with the Golden Calf, and Moses begs God for mercy, to which God’s reply is Leviticus and Deuteronomy. God could (and if memory serves, was initially going to) kill them, but rather punishes them with the law (all the restrictions etc. from Lev. and Deut.) which would otherwise not have been there. These restrictions are mostly a sort of way of getting the people ready for the comming of Christ, who upon comming “fufills the law”, and are needed because of their stiff-neck-ed-ness.
To compound this, the Mosaic law can be broken down into categories. Pope Benedict XVI broke it down into 2, but I am going to break it down into 3 (because it is clearer this way, and (more significantly) I don’t know enough to break it down Pope Benedict’s way).
The first type of law is Temple law, these are the laws of clean and unclean which are done away with (in part) by Christ (God commands that St. Peter et al. should not refrain from things like ham), and fully gone now, because the Temple was destroyed, and couldn’t be rebuilt. Temple law serves to govern the Temple and ensure the people have discipline.
Second is Kingdom Law, which serves to govern the kingdom of Israel, and the people within (ie the prescribed punishments for immoral acts etc.) which served to maintain legal order within Israel. As there is no longer the Kindgom of Israel (modern Israel is much different from the ancient Kingdom), these laws too are now invalid.
The third is Moral Law, which contains natural law, and the 10 commandments. These are binding on all the world, and further expounding on them is found mixed in the other laws withing Lev and Deut. These laws can often be distinguished by bearing the penalty of execution, and are also known as Natural law, because they flow from the nature (philosophical def: “quidity- the what-it-is-for-ness”) of things (namely us).
So while it could be said Christ “fulfill’s” them, all he is doing is making them lack a purpose, and therby cease to endure. The temporal punishment isn’t satisfied, it just ceases to be expressed in the same way.