[quote="Shin, post:8, topic:309563"]
The God of the Old Testament and New are the same God and all their actions to be approved of and loved and fully embraced by Christians
It all depends whether one discusses what is "definitive" and "eternal" in the Old Covenant, from what is in Christian eyes "imperfect and provisional" to quote the Vatican II document Dei Verbum.
True it is the same God, although it is true to say that even Jewish application and understanding of the Tanakh has developed with the ages. For example, Judaism has evolved to exist without the sacrificial rituals of the Sinai Covenant, which are an essential part of the Torah and Christianity as a religion is entirely prefixed on the notion that these sacrifices, and indeed the entire legal system of the Torah with its punishments, has been anulled and is in no way binding post-Jesus now that he is the sacrificial lamb offered up at every Mass. The essence of the Torah Jesus defined as the Ten Commandments (or "words") and the twin laws of loving neighbour and God.
The Catholic Church believes that God revealed Himself progressively in the Tanakh to his Chosen People, a progression that reached its revelatory culmination in the New Covenant. Thus in the Catechism the Catholic Church explains:
204 God revealed himself progressively and under different names to his people
Since then, although public revelation was completed with the death of the last Apostle, we have been progressing continuously in our understanding of divinely revealed truth - a process known as the "development of doctrine".
Here is what Vatican II said:
"...The plan of salvation foretold by the sacred authors, recounted and explained by them, is found as the true word of God in the books of the Old Testament: these books, therefore, written under divine inspiration, remain permanently valuable...Now the books of the Old Testament, in accordance with the state of mankind before the time of salvation established by Christ, reveal to all men the knowledge of God and of man and the ways in which God, just and merciful, deals with men. These books, though they also contain some things **which are incomplete and temporary, nevertheless show us true divine pedagogy. **These books [of the Old Testament] nevertheless show us authentic divine teaching. Christians should accept with veneration these writings which give expression to a lively sense of God, which are a storehouse of sublime teaching on God and of sound wisdom on human life, as well as a wonderful treasury of prayers; in them, too, the mystery of our salvation is present in a hidden way..."
**- Dei Verbum, Vatican II **
The letter of Hebrews goes so far as to declare as I said before:
*Hebrews 8:13 *
He [Jesus] is the mediator of a better covenant, which hath been enacted upon better promises. For if that first covenant had been faultless, then would no place have been sought for a second...By calling this covenant “new,” he has made the first one obsolete; and what is obsolete and outdated is ready to vanish away
Also Hebrews 10:9:
He abolishes the first [covenant] in order to establish the second
Now "obsolete" is a strong phrase but it refers not to the perrenial elements of the Tanakh but specifically to its time-bound elements: namely the legal system and punishments outlined in the Torah and depictions of certain doctrines or depictions of the divine that are more fully developed in latter books of the Tanakh or in the New Testament. There is a very real progression in Catholic eyes in the understanding of God.
Commenting on this passage, Pope Pius:
"...By the death of our Redeemer, the New Testament took the place of the Old Law which had been abolished; then the Law of Christ together with its mysteries, enactments, institutions, and sacred rites was ratified for the whole world in the blood of Jesus Christ. For, while our Divine Savior was preaching in a restricted area - He was not sent but to the sheep that were lost of the House of Israel - the Law and the Gospel were together in force; but on the gibbet of His death Jesus made void the Law with its decrees [and] fastened the handwriting of the Old Testament to the Cross, establishing the New Testament in His blood shed for the whole human race. “To such an extent, then,” says St. Leo the Great, speaking of the Cross of our Lord, “was there effected a transfer from the Law to the Gospel, from the Synagogue to the Church, from the many sacrifices to one Victim, that, as Our Lord expired, that mystical veil which shut off the innermost part of the temple and its sacred secret was rent violently from top to bottom...”
**- Pope Pius XII, Mystici Corporis, (1943) para. 29 **
Also *Ephesians 2:15: *
New International Version (©1984)
by abolishing in his flesh the law [torah] with its commandments and regulations. His purpose was to create in himself one new man out of the two, thus making peace.
However the Sinai covenant is also when viewed from another perspective; ie the essence that is not provisional (ie which is perrenial, eternal, not time-bound), eternal and binding in nature for all time and all people:
"...In this Torah, which is Jesus himself, the abiding essence of what was inscribed on the stone tablets at Sinai **is now written in living flesh, **namely, the twofold commandment of love. . . . To imitate him, to follow him in discipleship, is therefore to keep Torah, which has been fulfilled in him once and for all. Thus the Sinai covenant is indeed superseded. But once what was provisional in it has been swept away, we see what is truly definitive in it..."
**—Pope Benedict XVI, Many Religions, One Covenant **