Greeting brothers and sisters!
I was reading just now a list of catholic dogmas on the site below and came across some articles that gave me something to think about.
The articles are:
Baptism by water (Baptismus fluminis) is, since the promulgation of the Gospel, necessary for all men without exception, for salvation. (De fide.)
How does this allow for baptism by desire? Is it because
God is not bound by His sacraments and can confer grace without
the sacraments? But it does say “without exception”…
Membership of the Church is necessary for all men for salvation. (De fide.)
The members of the Church are those who have validly received the Sacrament of Baptism and who are not separated from the unity of the confession of the Faith, and from the unity of the lawful communion of the Church. (Sent. certa.)
Does this mean that those who reject the teachings of the Church are automatically excluded from membership?
For adults the reception of the Eucharist is necessary for salvation with the necessity of precept (necessitate praecepti). (Sent. certa.)
Does this mean that all non-catholics cannot be saved because they don’t receive Holy Communion?
The Sacramental confession of sins is ordained by God and is necessary for salvation. (De fide.)
Same as above.
I know the Church has softened it’s teaching as regards “extra eclesia nulla salus” but the last two articles seem to exclude all non-catholics. Some enlightenment would be appreciated.