Shiranui117;12525299]Because of this:
13 After they had stopped speaking, [e]James answered, saying, “Brethren, listen to me. 14 Simeon has related how God first concerned Himself about taking from among the Gentiles a people for His name. 15 With this the words of the Prophets agree, just as it is written,
James compares Peters word to the fulfillment of the prophets.
19 Therefore it is my judgment that we do not trouble those who are turning to God from among the Gentiles, 20 but that we write to them that they abstain from [j]things contaminated by idols and from fornication and from what is strangled and from blood. 21 For Moses from ancient generations has in every city those who preach him, since [k]he is read in the synagogues every Sabbath.”
James speaks to his Jewish convert (brethren) leaders present in council; as James relates to Moses and the Jews in attendance in the synagogues at Sabbath, when the Gentiles are not allowed in the synagogues every Sabbath, when the councils subject pertains to the Gentiles.
James speech comes long after Peter speech is confirmed and followed by signs and wonders pertaining to the Gentiles from the eye witness accounts by Paul and Barnabas.
Peter settles the councils matter of no circumcision, only baptism to the Gentiles. James concurs and addresses what his Jewish brethren in Jerusalem and other cities are to do, now that Peter has judged the council to baptize the Gentiles without circumcision.
Blood and food disciplines are to inform the Gentiles in James Jewish communities, James judges his local church community, not the whole Church. When Peter judges the whole Church of how each Church is to allow the Gentiles in the Church without circumcision.
James food and blood disciplines do not impact the whole Church communities. When Paul writes to the Gentile converts in the Colossian Church community; Colossians 2:16 “Therefore let no one pass judgment on you in questions of food and drink or regard to festival or new moon or a Sabbath”.
Had James passed his food discipline judgment on the whole Church, Paul who was present would not have contradicted James authority to the Colossians.
Thus James never speaks for the whole Church, only Peter’s Judgment is applied to all the whole Church in every age.
Do you follow James strict dietary law as all those who attend Synagogue on Sabbath at the witness of Moses?
St. James is the last one to speak, after which the Council deliberates on how to put the ruling into practice.
James Jewish converts in his Church community in Jerusalem are the ones who have the problem with Gentile converts. James must judge his Jewish/Gentile convert Church community, from what Peter judged the whole Church to follow, Jewish, Greek, Pagan converts to enter the Church by the baptism of Jesus. Peter’s baptism of Jesus removes Jewish circumcision, Greek pagan baptism rituals, and pagan rituals such as drinking blood to enter the mysteries of God.
It also bears noting that the verb “krino” means “to judge”,
Peter judges for the whole Church for all to baptize Gentiles, James judges for his local Jewish Church community with disciplines for the Gentiles in his community to follow so as not to offend their Jewish converts. St. Paul gives another reasonable discourse of respecting another’s weaker faith when it comes to certain foods, even though the discipline of foods do not apply to Christians.
Context, context of the whole Gospel is key here.