“And the dust returns to the earth as it once was,
and the life breath returns to God who gave it.”
There are several quotations from Ecclesiastes that seem to deny the resurrection. To answer this question we have to ask :
What is its Meaning and Purpose ?
Does it deny the resurrection?
What does it teach?
Ecclesiastes is written from the perspective of a counselor to someone who is deeply depressed.
The Bible is a library of books. The authors of these books employ many different styles of writing. They each were written for a purpose unique to that particular book. The key to understanding Ecclesiastes is to interpret it within the context of its genre. The purpose of Ecclesiastes to help a person who is deeply depressed. It is a pastoral letter to someone who is going through a profound crises.
It is written from the perspective of a godly counselor or psychologist, not from the perspective of a professor teaching theology. A psychologist who is trying to help someone who may be on the brink of committing suicide, is not going to start with a theological debate on doctrine. He is not going to begin with a three part doctrinal speech and then build to a logical conclusion based on those premises as to why a person should not commit suicide. Rather, he is going to start where the person is at and gently build a relationship that honestly admits the sincerity of the other person’s suffering.
The author is realistic about man’s suffering, and yet still calls him to be faithful to God.
The author presents an honest account of the sufferings and the cold hard realities of life. After giving multiply examples, each time he gives consoling advice and sage wisdom that follow like a rhythm of soft waves on a calm lake. He avoids platitudes and he does not minimize the pain. And yet, his advice is helpful and shows much wisdom. He honestly admits to the sufferings and tells the reader to enjoy whatever simple pleasures that do come with life, and beyond that he should simply obey God and trust in Him.
When a person is undergoing great suffering he does not need another to come along and logically or theologically explain away his sufferings. The suffering person, the reader, needs the second person – Qoheleth – to come and acknowledge the suffering and to come and suffer with him.
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I hope this helps.