Evidence for Jesus Outside of the Bible


#1

Are there any other sources for Jesus Christ other than the four Gospels? Like what other evidence is there?


#2

Ancient Evidence for Jesus form Non-Christian Sources


#3

If you accept secular history there is plenty of evidence.


#4

Non Christian Jewish evidence that mentions Jesus within 150 years of his death

[LIST]
*]Talmud

*]Jewish historian Josephus
[/LIST]

Extra Biblical Christian evidence that mentions Jesus within 150 years of his death

[LIST]*]Clement of Rome

*]2 Clement from anon author

*]Igantius of Antioch

*]Letter to Philippians from Polycarp

*]Martyrdom of Polycarp

*]Didache

*]Letter of Barnabas

*]Shepherd of Hermas

*]Fragments of Papias

*]Letter of Diognetus

*]Epistula Apostolorum

*]Heggisipus

*]Justyn Martyr

*]Aristides

*]Athenagoras

*]Theophilus of Antioch

*]Quadratus

*]Aristo of Pella

*]Melito of Sardis
[/LIST]

Secular or pagan sources that mention Jesus within 150 years of his death

[LIST]

*]Roman historian Tacitus

*]Rome politcian Pliny the Younger

*]Historian Phlegon

*]Greek satirist Lucian

*]Roman philosopher Celsus

*]Historian Suetonius

*]historian Thallus,

*]Prisoner Mara Bar-Serapion whose text is in a British Museum
[/LIST]


#5

Dr Gary Habermas and Michael Licona write in The Case for the Resurrection of Jesus

Let’s look at an even better example, a contemporary of Jesus. Tiberius Caesar was the Roman emperor at the time of Jesus’ ministry and execution. Tiberius is mentioned by ten sources within 150 years of his death: Tacitus, Suetonius, Velleius Paterculus, Plutarch, Pliny the Elder, Strabo, Seneca, Valerius Maximus, Josephus, and Luke. Compare that to Jesus’ forty-two total sources in the same length of time. That’s more than four times the number of total sources who mention the Roman emperor during roughly the same period. If we only considered the number of secular non-Christian sources who mention Jesus and Tiberius within 150 years of their lives, we arrive at a tie of nine each

Following found with help of thedevineevidence.com/jesus_history.html I think.

Non Christian Jewish evidence that mentions Jesus within 150 years of his death

[LIST]
*]Talmud

*]Jewish historian Josephus
[/LIST]

Extra Biblical Christian evidence that mentions Jesus within 150 years of his death

[LIST]*]Clement of Rome

*]2 Clement from anon author

*]Igantius of Antioch

*]Letter to Philippians from Polycarp

*]Martyrdom of Polycarp

*]Didache

*]Letter of Barnabas

*]Shepherd of Hermas

*]Fragments of Papias

*]Letter of Diognetus

*]Epistula Apostolorum

*]Heggisipus

*]Justyn Martyr

*]Aristides

*]Athenagoras

*]Theophilus of Antioch

*]Quadratus

*]Aristo of Pella

*]Melito of Sardis
[/LIST]

Secular or pagan sources that mention Jesus within 150 years of his death

[LIST]

*]Roman historian Tacitus

*]Rome politcian Pliny the Younger

*]Historian Phlegon

*]Greek satirist Lucian

*]Roman philosopher Celsus

*]Historian Suetonius

*]historian Thallus,

*]Prisoner Mara Bar-Serapion whose text is in a British Museum
[/LIST]

Heretical texts

[LIST]
*]Treatise
*]Gnostic Gospel of Thomas
*]Apocryphon of John
*]Gospel of Truth
*]Apocalypse o Peter, not Nag Hammadi writing
[/LIST]

New Testament authors that mention Jesus

[LIST]
*]Mark
*]Matthew
*]John
*]Luke
*]Jude
*]Peter
*]James
*]Paul
[/LIST]

I think those are the 42.


#6

Dr Gary Habermas and Michael Licona write in The Case for the Resurrection of Jesus

Let’s look at an even better example, a contemporary of Jesus. Tiberius Caesar was the Roman emperor at the time of Jesus’ ministry and execution. Tiberius is mentioned by ten sources within 150 years of his death: Tacitus, Suetonius, Velleius Paterculus, Plutarch, Pliny the Elder, Strabo, Seneca, Valerius Maximus, Josephus, and Luke. Compare that to Jesus’ forty-two total sources in the same length of time. That’s more than four times the number of total sources who mention the Roman emperor during roughly the same period. If we only considered the number of secular non-Christian sources who mention Jesus and Tiberius within 150 years of their lives, we arrive at a tie of nine each

Following might have been found with help of thedevineevidence.com/jesus_history.html

Non Christian Jewish evidence that mentions Jesus within 150 years of his death

[LIST]
*]Talmud

*]Jewish historian Josephus
[/LIST]

Extra Biblical Christian evidence that mentions Jesus within 150 years of his death

[LIST]*]Clement of Rome

*]2 Clement from anon author

*]Igantius of Antioch

*]Letter to Philippians from Polycarp

*]Martyrdom of Polycarp

*]Didache

*]Letter of Barnabas

*]Shepherd of Hermas

*]Fragments of Papias

*]Letter of Diognetus

*]Epistula Apostolorum

*]Heggisipus

*]Justyn Martyr

*]Aristides

*]Athenagoras

*]Theophilus of Antioch

*]Quadratus

*]Aristo of Pella

*]Melito of Sardis
[/LIST]

Secular or pagan sources that mention Jesus within 150 years of his death

[LIST]

*]Roman historian Tacitus

*]Rome politcian Pliny the Younger

*]Historian Phlegon

*]Greek satirist Lucian

*]Roman philosopher Celsus

*]Historian Suetonius

*]historian Thallus,

*]Prisoner Mara Bar-Serapion whose text is in a British Museum
[/LIST]

Heretical texts

[LIST]
*]Treatise
*]Gnostic Gospel of Thomas
*]Apocryphon of John
*]Gospel of Truth
*]Apocalypse o Peter, not Nag Hammadi writing
[/LIST]

New Testament authors that mention Jesus

[LIST]
*]Mark
*]Matthew
*]John
*]Luke
*]Jude
*]Peter
*]James
*]Paul
[/LIST]

I think those are the 42.


#7

Dr Gary Habermas and Michael Licona write in The Case for the Resurrection of Jesus

Let’s look at an even better example, a contemporary of Jesus. Tiberius Caesar was the Roman emperor at the time of Jesus’ ministry and execution. Tiberius is mentioned by ten sources within 150 years of his death: Tacitus, Suetonius, Velleius Paterculus, Plutarch, Pliny the Elder, Strabo, Seneca, Valerius Maximus, Josephus, and Luke. Compare that to Jesus’ forty-two total sources in the same length of time. That’s more than four times the number of total sources who mention the Roman emperor during roughly the same period. If we only considered the number of secular non-Christian sources who mention Jesus and Tiberius within 150 years of their lives, we arrive at a tie of nine each

Following might have been found with help of thedevineevidence.com/jesus_history.htmlf

Non Christian Jewish evidence that mentions Jesus within 150 years of his death

[LIST]
*]Talmud

*]Jewish historian Josephus
[/LIST]

Extra Biblical Christian evidence that mentions Jesus within 150 years of his death

[LIST]*]Clement of Rome

*]2 Clement from anon author

*]Igantius of Antioch

*]Letter to Philippians from Polycarp

*]Martyrdom of Polycarp

*]Didache

*]Letter of Barnabas

*]Shepherd of Hermas

*]Fragments of Papias

*]Letter of Diognetus

*]Epistula Apostolorum

*]Heggisipus

*]Justyn Martyr

*]Aristides

*]Athenagoras

*]Theophilus of Antioch

*]Quadratus

*]Aristo of Pella

*]Melito of Sardis
[/LIST]

Secular or pagan sources that mention Jesus within 150 years of his death

[LIST]

*]Roman historian Tacitus

*]Rome politcian Pliny the Younger

*]Historian Phlegon

*]Greek satirist Lucian

*]Roman philosopher Celsus

*]Historian Suetonius

*]historian Thallus,

*]Prisoner Mara Bar-Serapion whose text is in a British Museum
[/LIST]

Heretical texts

[LIST]
*]Treatise
*]Gnostic Gospel of Thomas
*]Apocryphon of John
*]Gospel of Truth
*]Apocalypse o Peter, not Nag Hammadi writing
[/LIST]

New Testament authors that mention Jesus

[LIST]
*]Mark
*]Matthew
*]John
*]Luke
*]Jude
*]Peter
*]James
*]Paul
[/LIST]

I think those are the 42.


#8

Dr Gary Habermas and Michael Licona write in The Case for the Resurrection of Jesus

Let’s look at an even better example, a contemporary of Jesus. Tiberius Caesar was the Roman emperor at the time of Jesus’ ministry and execution. Tiberius is mentioned by ten sources within 150 years of his death: Tacitus, Suetonius, Velleius Paterculus, Plutarch, Pliny the Elder, Strabo, Seneca, Valerius Maximus, Josephus, and Luke. Compare that to Jesus’ forty-two total sources in the same length of time. That’s more than four times the number of total sources who mention the Roman emperor during roughly the same period. If we only considered the number of secular non-Christian sources who mention Jesus and Tiberius within 150 years of their lives, we arrive at a tie of nine each

Following might have been found with help of thedevineevidence.com/jesus_history.html

Non Christian Jewish evidence that mentions Jesus within 150 years of his death

[LIST]
*]Talmud

*]Jewish historian Josephus
[/LIST]

Extra Biblical Christian evidence that mentions Jesus within 150 years of his death

[LIST]*]Clement of Rome

*]2 Clement from anon author

*]Igantius of Antioch

*]Letter to Philippians from Polycarp

*]Martyrdom of Polycarp

*]Didache

*]Letter of Barnabas

*]Shepherd of Hermas

*]Fragments of Papias

*]Letter of Diognetus

*]Epistula Apostolorum

*]Heggisipus

*]Justyn Martyr

*]Aristides

*]Athenagoras

*]Theophilus of Antioch

*]Quadratus

*]Aristo of Pella

*]Melito of Sardis
[/LIST]

Secular or pagan sources that mention Jesus within 150 years of his death

[LIST]

*]Roman historian Tacitus

*]Rome politcian Pliny the Younger

*]Historian Phlegon

*]Greek satirist Lucian

*]Roman philosopher Celsus

*]Historian Suetonius

*]historian Thallus,

*]Prisoner Mara Bar-Serapion whose text is in a British Museum
[/LIST]

Heretical texts

[LIST]
*]Treatise
*]Gnostic Gospel of Thomas
*]Apocryphon of John
*]Gospel of Truth
*]Apocalypse o Peter, not Nag Hammadi writing
[/LIST]

New Testament authors that mention Jesus

[LIST]
*]Mark
*]Matthew
*]John
*]Luke
*]Jude
*]Peter
*]James
*]Paul
[/LIST]

I think those are the 42.s


#9

Dr Gary Habermas and Michael Licona write in The Case for the Resurrection of Jesus

Let’s look at an even better example, a contemporary of Jesus. Tiberius Caesar was the Roman emperor at the time of Jesus’ ministry and execution. Tiberius is mentioned by ten sources within 150 years of his death: Tacitus, Suetonius, Velleius Paterculus, Plutarch, Pliny the Elder, Strabo, Seneca, Valerius Maximus, Josephus, and Luke. Compare that to Jesus’ forty-two total sources in the same length of time. That’s more than four times the number of total sources who mention the Roman emperor during roughly the same period. If we only considered the number of secular non-Christian sources who mention Jesus and Tiberius within 150 years of their lives, we arrive at a tie of nine each

Following might have been found with help of thedevineevidence.com/jesus_history.html

Non Christian Jewish evidence that mentions Jesus within 150 years of his death

[LIST]
*]Talmud

*]Jewish historian Josephus
[/LIST]

Extra Biblical Christian evidence that mentions Jesus within 150 years of his death

[LIST]*]Clement of Rome

*]2 Clement from anon author

*]Igantius of Antioch

*]Letter to Philippians from Polycarp

*]Martyrdom of Polycarp

*]Didache

*]Letter of Barnabas

*]Shepherd of Hermas

*]Fragments of Papias

*]Letter of Diognetus

*]Epistula Apostolorum

*]Heggisipus

*]Justyn Martyr

*]Aristides

*]Athenagoras

*]Theophilus of Antioch

*]Quadratus

*]Aristo of Pella

*]Melito of Sardis
[/LIST]

Secular or pagan sources that mention Jesus within 150 years of his death

[LIST]

*]Roman historian Tacitus

*]Rome politcian Pliny the Younger

*]Historian Phlegon

*]Greek satirist Lucian

*]Roman philosopher Celsus

*]Historian Suetonius

*]historian Thallus,

*]Prisoner Mara Bar-Serapion whose text is in a British Museum
[/LIST]

Heretical texts

[LIST]
*]Treatise
*]Gnostic Gospel of Thomas
*]Apocryphon of John
*]Gospel of Truth
*]Apocalypse o Peter, not Nag Hammadi writing
[/LIST]

New Testament authors that mention Jesus

[LIST]
*]Mark
*]Matthew
*]John
*]Luke
*]Jude
*]Peter
*]James
*]Paul
[/LIST]

I think those are the 42.q


#10

Dr Gary Habermas and Michael Licona write in The Case for the Resurrection of Jesus

Let’s look at an even better example, a contemporary of Jesus. Tiberius Caesar was the Roman emperor at the time of Jesus’ ministry and execution. Tiberius is mentioned by ten sources within 150 years of his death: Tacitus, Suetonius, Velleius Paterculus, Plutarch, Pliny the Elder, Strabo, Seneca, Valerius Maximus, Josephus, and Luke. Compare that to Jesus’ forty-two total sources in the same length of time. That’s more than four times the number of total sources who mention the Roman emperor during roughly the same period. If we only considered the number of secular non-Christian sources who mention Jesus and Tiberius within 150 years of their lives, we arrive at a tie of nine each

Following might have been found with help of thedevineevidence.com/jesus_history.html

Non Christian Jewish evidence that mentions Jesus within 150 years of his death

[LIST]
*]Talmud

*]Jewish historian Josephus
[/LIST]

Extra Biblical Christian evidence that mentions Jesus within 150 years of his death

[LIST]*]Clement of Rome

*]2 Clement from anon author

*]Igantius of Antioch

*]Letter to Philippians from Polycarp

*]Martyrdom of Polycarp

*]Didache

*]Letter of Barnabas

*]Shepherd of Hermas

*]Fragments of Papias

*]Letter of Diognetus

*]Epistula Apostolorum

*]Heggisipus

*]Justyn Martyr

*]Aristides

*]Athenagoras

*]Theophilus of Antioch

*]Quadratus

*]Aristo of Pella

*]Melito of Sardis
[/LIST]

Secular or pagan sources that mention Jesus within 150 years of his death

[LIST]

*]Roman historian Tacitus

*]Rome politcian Pliny the Younger

*]Historian Phlegon

*]Greek satirist Lucian

*]Roman philosopher Celsus

*]Historian Suetonius

*]historian Thallus,

*]Prisoner Mara Bar-Serapion whose text is in a British Museum
[/LIST]

Heretical texts

[LIST]
*]Treatise
*]Gnostic Gospel of Thomas
*]Apocryphon of John
*]Gospel of Truth
*]Apocalypse o Peter, not Nag Hammadi writing
[/LIST]

New Testament authors that mention Jesus

[LIST]
*]Mark
*]Matthew
*]John
*]Luke
*]Jude
*]Peter
*]James
*]Paul
[/LIST]

I think those are the 42.w


#11

Dr Gary Habermas and Michael Licona write in The Case for the Resurrection of Jesus

Let’s look at an even better example, a contemporary of Jesus. Tiberius Caesar was the Roman emperor at the time of Jesus’ ministry and execution. Tiberius is mentioned by ten sources within 150 years of his death: Tacitus, Suetonius, Velleius Paterculus, Plutarch, Pliny the Elder, Strabo, Seneca, Valerius Maximus, Josephus, and Luke. Compare that to Jesus’ forty-two total sources in the same length of time. That’s more than four times the number of total sources who mention the Roman emperor during roughly the same period. If we only considered the number of secular non-Christian sources who mention Jesus and Tiberius within 150 years of their lives, we arrive at a tie of nine each

Following might have been found with help of thedevineevidence.com/jesus_history.html

Non Christian Jewish evidence that mentions Jesus within 150 years of his death

[LIST]
*]Talmud

*]Jewish historian Josephus
[/LIST]

Extra Biblical Christian evidence that mentions Jesus within 150 years of his death

[LIST]*]Clement of Rome

*]2 Clement from anon author

*]Igantius of Antioch

*]Letter to Philippians from Polycarp

*]Martyrdom of Polycarp

*]Didache

*]Letter of Barnabas

*]Shepherd of Hermas

*]Fragments of Papias

*]Letter of Diognetus

*]Epistula Apostolorum

*]Heggisipus

*]Justyn Martyr

*]Aristides

*]Athenagoras

*]Theophilus of Antioch

*]Quadratus

*]Aristo of Pella

*]Melito of Sardis
[/LIST]

Secular or pagan sources that mention Jesus within 150 years of his death

[LIST]

*]Roman historian Tacitus

*]Rome politcian Pliny the Younger

*]Historian Phlegon

*]Greek satirist Lucian

*]Roman philosopher Celsus

*]Historian Suetonius

*]historian Thallus,

*]Prisoner Mara Bar-Serapion whose text is in a British Museum
[/LIST]

Heretical texts

[LIST]
*]Treatise
*]Gnostic Gospel of Thomas
*]Apocryphon of John
*]Gospel of Truth
*]Apocalypse o Peter, not Nag Hammadi writing
[/LIST]

New Testament authors that mention Jesus

[LIST]
*]Mark
*]Matthew
*]John
*]Luke
*]Jude
*]Peter
*]James
*]Paul
[/LIST]

I think those are the 42


#12

I really have seen nothing that indicates Jesus did not exist, but there is much debate on who Jesus was(i.e.-the almighty God, Jehovah, that came to Earth as a man), the virgin birth, etc. For example, do a Google search for, “Jesus Interrupted pdf” and read that. Well written by the head of religious studies at the Univ. of N.C. Plus, you mention “within 150 years”, most historians would like “eyewitnesses”.


#13

Here’s a article which addresses the information presented in Post #4. Bear in mind that it was written by a historian who thinks that Jesus existed as a historical person.


#14

In a society in which people still claim the Holocaust did not happen, and in which there are resounding claims that the American president is, in fact, a Muslim born on foreign soil, is it any surprise to learn that the greatest figure in the history of Western civilization, the man on whom the most powerful and influential social, political, economic, cultural and religious institution in the world – the Christian church – was built, the man worshipped, literally, by billions of people today – is it any surprise to hear that Jesus never even existed?
That is the claim made by a small but growing cadre of (published ) writers, bloggers and Internet junkies who call themselves mythicists. This unusually vociferous group of nay-sayers maintains that Jesus is a myth invented for nefarious (or altruistic) purposes by the early Christians who modeled their savior along the lines of pagan divine men who, it is alleged, were also born of a virgin on Dec. 25, who also did miracles, who also died as an atonement for sin and were then raised from the dead.
Few of these mythicists are actually scholars trained in ancient history, religion, biblical studies or any cognate field, let alone in the ancient languages generally thought to matter for those who want to say something with any degree of authority about a Jewish teacher who (allegedly) lived in first-century Palestine. There are a couple of exceptions: of the hundreds – thousands? – of mythicists, two (to my knowledge) actually have Ph.D. credentials in relevant fields of study. But even taking these into account, there is not a single mythicist who teaches New Testament or Early Christianity or even Classics at any accredited institution of higher learning in the Western world. And it is no wonder why. These views are so extreme and so unconvincing to 99.99 percent of the real experts that anyone holding them is as likely to get a teaching job in an established department of religion as a six-day creationist is likely to land on in a bona fide department of biology.
Why then is the mythicist movement growing, with advocates so confident of their views and vocal – even articulate – in their denunciation of the radical idea that Jesus actually existed? It is, in no small part, because these deniers of Jesus are at the same time denouncers of religion – a breed of human now very much in vogue. And what better way to malign the religious views of the vast majority of religious persons in the western world, which remains, despite everything, overwhelmingly Christian, than to claim that the historical founder of their religion was in fact the figment of his followers’ imagination?
The view, however, founders on its own premises. The reality – sad or salutary – is that Jesus was real. And that is the subject of my new book, “Did Jesus Exist?”

It is true that Jesus is not mentioned in any Roman sources of his day. That should hardly count against his existence, however, since these same sources mention scarcely anyone from his time and place. Not even the famous Jewish historian, Josephus, or even more notably, the most powerful and important figure of his day, Pontius Pilate.
It is also true that our best sources about Jesus, the early Gospels, are riddled with problems. These were written decades after Jesus’ life by biased authors who are at odds with one another on details up and down the line. But historians can never dismiss sources simply because they are biased. You may not trust Rush Limbaugh’s views of Sandra Fluke, but he certainly provides evidence that she exists.
The question is not whether sources are biased but whether biased sources can be used to yield historically reliable information, once their biased chaff is separated from the historical kernel. And historians have devised ways of doing just that.
With respect to Jesus, we have numerous, independent accounts of his life in the sources lying behind the Gospels (and the writings of Paul) – sources that originated in Jesus’ native tongue Aramaic and that can be dated to within just a year or two of his life (before the religion moved to convert pagans in droves). Historical sources like that are is pretty astounding for an ancient figure of any kind. Moreover, we have relatively extensive writings from one first-century author, Paul, who acquired his information within a couple of years of Jesus’ life and who actually knew, first hand, Jesus’ closest disciple Peter and his own brother James. If Jesus did not exist, you would think his brother would know it.
Moreover, the claim that Jesus was simply made up falters on every ground. The alleged parallels between Jesus and the “pagan” savior-gods in most instances reside in the modern imagination: We do not have accounts of others who were born to virgin mothers and who died as an atonement for sin and then were raised from the dead (despite what the sensationalists claim ad nauseum in their propagandized versions).


#15

This was interresting, thanks for posting it.


#16

Nice article…thanks for sharing.


#17

There are lots of people bearing witness and giving testimony to having seen and talked to Jesus. This is the way it was done in the gospel. It is against the rules to do this on this forum but I would not discredit it as evidence to the reality of Jesus outside the bible throughout the world today. :thumbsup:


#18

Here is a Nice refutation by David Fitgerald for some of the Sources you mentioned
youtube.com/watch?v=MvleOBYTrDE

A quick note is that none of the Sources you mentioned above are from the 1st Century if we overlook Josephus, that particular passage is heavily debated and there is a very very good case for why it is a forgery.

The heretical texts are very very late and they carry no weight.

Texts attributed to figures like Clement are heavily debated and can be proven to be later forgeries.

As for the New testament Author. The gospel writers are unknown something accepted by the top bible scholars. So you lose 4. As for Paul if you look at the Authentic epistles he really never mentions a historical Jesus, rather he just speaks of a celestial Jesus.

Here is an interesting debate on the Authentic epistles and the Jesus in them.

youtube.com/watch?v=0EulhS8EkJk

The Talmud does not mention Jesus. There are 2 differen Joshuas in the talmud and none of them are the Jesus the christians hold to. You can simply check the dates given for each of the 2.

So outside the New testament there is really no evidence that Jesus existed. So you would have to rely on faith.


#19

False.

Although some claim that Jesus never existed it has been almost universally acknowledged by Scholars that Jesus did in fact exist:

"Although there is disagreement about issues such as the calling of disciples, the agreement on crucifixion is very widespread, and most scholars in the third quest for the historical Jesus consider the crucifixion indisputable.[23][59][60][61] Eddy and Boyd state that it is now “firmly established” that there is non-Christian confirmation of the crucifixion of Jesus.[24]Bart Ehrman states that the crucifixion of Jesus on the orders of Pontius Pilate is the most certain element about him.[60]John Dominic Crossan states that the crucifixion of Jesus is as certain as any historical fact can be.[23]John P. Meier views the crucifixion of Jesus as historical fact and states that based on the criterion of embarrassment Christians would not have invented the painful death of their leader.[61] Meier states that a number of other criteria, e.g. the criterion of multiple attestation (i.e. confirmation by more than one source), the criterion of coherence (i.e. that it fits with other historical elements) and the criterion of rejection (i.e. that it is not disputed by ancient sources) help establish the crucifixion of Jesus as a historical event.[62]

Although scholars agree on the historicity of the crucifixion, they differ on the reason and context for it, e.g. both E. P. Sanders and Paula Fredriksen support the historicity of the crucifixion, but contend that Jesus did not foretell his own crucifixion, and that his prediction of the crucifixion is a Christian story.[63]Geza Vermes also views the crucifixion as a historical event but provides his own explanation and background for it."

Even the top secular scholars admit that Jesus existed and was crucified.

Check this out from Mara Bar-Serapion written around 73ad:

“What advantage did the Jews gain from executing their wise king? It was just after that their kingdom was abolished.”


#20

In a court of law, an eyewitness testimony is considered direct evidence and a factual account of the event.


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