Evil and sin in islam


#1

1.What causes evil in the islamic teology´s opinion?
2.Are there sin?
3.What is the consequence of the sin?
4.Are you going to the hell if you sin?
5.Is being apostate the unique thing that you go to the hell?
6.Have you seen several moral opinions in diverses imans?

Thanks


#2

I know I’m going to mess up so please correct me when I do.

  1. Evil comes from when you forget about God.
  2. Yes, sin exists. Sin also has a grade level some sins are worst then others, like backbiting is a major sin where you get your own unique punishment in hell.
  3. Being an apostate is not leaving the religion; it is denying the existence of God, which will get you to hell.
  4. I believe that all Muslims believe in all the major sins and most of the minor ones.
    This is very simplified and someone else could fill in what I missed.

wa salam


#3

Those were great, straightforward answers.

  1. If your bad deeds weigh more than your good ones on the day of judgement then the only thing keeping you from Hell is Allah and his mercy.

  2. No,. See question 4.

  3. The only reason some people believe different things is because of the level of knowledge. An expert know exactly what Islam says about certain things while a novice might make mistakes and think some things are OK while others are not OK.

Well, then there are also the ‘progressive’ muslims, who like to just throw things out of the religion saying that they ‘don’t count’ in this day and age.


#4

The general concept of sin in Islam

islamic.org.uk/I4WM/gensin.htm

wa salam


#5

Thank for the answers, but I would like to deepen my third question, what are the consequences of sin? I know that there aren´t like catholic church a confession and for example in robbing coming back the money, is only asking for forgiveness to God like protestants or there are a public forgiveness.
Can you tell the worst sins that you will send to the hell if you don´t give forgiveness, a small but basic list, please.


#6

Some Major sins:

The greatest sin of all is worshiping someone other than God, or giving Him a partner, daughter, wife, helper etc. This sin will never be forgiven if the person dies in that state.

Not obeying parents,Killing unjustly, Adultery, Fornication, Slandering Chaste woman, Lying


#7

In the Name of Allah

Franze, there is no such sin that Allah will not forgive apart from the major sin of SHIRK, which is associating partners with Allah. Other than that, all the sins will be forgiven if the person repents.Moreover, even the sin of Shirk will be forgiven if the person repents before dying or before lying on his deathbed.

I will be copy pasting something a sister said on another site, (
themodernreligion.com/basic/repent1.html
) regarding sin and repentance. I hope it’s helpful to you Franze: -

Will Allah forgive me?

Sometimes a man asks: I would like to repent, but I have such a huge collection, and such a wide variety of evil deeds in my account that I do not know if Allah will forgive me.

Let me tell you in reply, my brother, that this is not your specific problem but that of many a young man who wants to repent his sins. Let me give you the example of a young man. He started his career of sin at a very early age. By the time he had reached seventeen years of his there was not a sin - major or minor - that he had not committed teeming up with people of all sorts - young and old. He had even committed indecencies with a little girl adding to the list of thefts committed on various occasions. Then he repented, began to do his tahajjud, fast every Monday and Thursday, and read the Qur’an after every morning Prayer. But, he used to ask, is this repentance acceptable (to Allah)?

Our Answer to him and to every sinner is that we should always turn to the Qur’an and sunnah to find out what they have to say about the problem at hand, and what is the cure and solution they offer. When we refer to the qur’an in this regard we find that Allah, glorified be He, tells us: “Tell them (O Muhammad ): ‘O My slaves who have wronged their souls, do not despair of Allah’s mercy, for Allah will forgive all the sins. He is indeed very Forgiving, very Compassionate, Turn to Him then, and obey Him (in all your affairs).’” (Al-Zumar:53,54). This then is the Answer which does not need further elucidation.

As for the thought that the sins are so numerous that Allah may not forgive them, it arises, first of all, from a lack of faith and knowledge of the magnitude of Allah’s mercy. Secondly, it is because of the lack of appreciation of Allah’s capability to forgive any number of sins. Thirdly, it indicates failure on the part of the penitent to come up with another important deed of the heart viz., “hope”. And fourthly, it is lack of appreciation of the way in which repentance can wipe out sins. we shall therefore, discuss each of these points a little more in detail.

As for the first, it should be enough to quote Allah Himself who says: “My mercy has encompassed every thing.” (Al-A’raf:56)

As for the second, a hadith qudsi should be enough to quote. Said the Prophet on whom be peace: “Says Allah, 'He who knows (and believes) that I forgive all sins, then I do forgive all his sins, and do not care - so long as he does not suggest partners unto Me.” And the rule will be applied (continues the Prophet ) in the Hereafter."

As for the third, another hadith should offer the cure. The Prophet quotes Allah as having said: “Son of Adam! If your sins were to reach the limits of the sky, and then you seek My forgiveness, I shall forgive you, and I do not care. Son of Adam! If you will bring sins equal in volume to the earth and then you meet Me (on the day of Judgment) in the state that you would not have suggested partners unto Me, I shall give you in return forgiveness equal to the volume of the earth.”

And, as for the fourth, another hadith of the Prophet should be enough for the purpose. Said he: “He who repented is like him who has no sin on him.”

Feel free to ask any questions regarding the same, or if you need some other explanations.

Peace,

Urooj.


DISCLAIMER: The views and opinions expressed in these forums do not necessarily reflect those of Catholic Answers. For official apologetics resources please visit www.catholic.com.