An interesting and thought provoking interpretation by St. Hilary drawn from St. Thomas Aquinas: lionandox.com/2016/03/20/father-let-this-chalice-pass-from-me/. It reinforces Jesus’ words:
Matt.5 "Blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness’ sake, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
 Rejoice and be glad, for your reward is great in heaven, for so men persecuted the prophets who were before you.
John.15 Remember the word that I said to you, `A servant is not greater than his master.’ If they persecuted me, they will persecute you; if they kept my word, they will keep yours also.
It lines up with St. Paul’s words:
2Cor.1 For as we share abundantly in Christ’s sufferings, so through Christ we share abundantly in comfort too.  If we are afflicted, it is for your comfort and salvation; and if we are comforted, it is for your comfort, which you experience when you patiently endure the same sufferings that we suffer.  Our hope for you is unshaken; for we know that as you share in our sufferings, you will also share in our comfort.
Phil.3 that I may know him and the power of his resurrection, and may share his sufferings, becoming like him in his death,
Col.1 Now I rejoice in my sufferings for your sake, and in my flesh I complete what is lacking in Christ’s afflictions for the sake of his body, that is, the church,
2Tim.1 Do not be ashamed then of testifying to our Lord, nor of me his prisoner, but share in suffering for the gospel in the power of God,