Recently began to re-read the bible again and have gone done a rabbit’s hole of sorts involving the use of different Semitic words for god. This involves the influence of the Canaanite religion and how it relates to the patriarchal period.
Introductions to the issue:
Yale Professor Christine Hayes (Lecture 7; go to around 30 minutes in) oyc.yale.edu/religious-studies/rlst-145/lecture-7
Reasonable Faith (William Lane Craig’s website) reasonablefaith.org/jewish-beliefs-about-god
Christian to Atheism Deconversion’s take on it (though part 2 doesn’t really continue it but part 1 seems good) youtube.com/watch?v=MlnnWbkMlbg&list=PLA0C3C1D163BE880A
Scott Hahn’s website mentions it a bit (though the writing isn’t his): scotthahn.com/download/attachment/4830
page 23 end of the first paragraph (ends with “writing!”)
“Just as Abraham freely adopted El Elyon when speaking of Yahweh among the Canaanites, so did Paul adopt Theos…”
Eerdman’s Dictionary of the Bible (screenshots from Google Books, an invaluable resource!) covers it on pages 514 - 517 as well as (specifically El) on pages 384 - 386.
Scott Hahn’s Catholic Bible Dictionary only mentions them as different names of God, no mention of their relation to the Canaanites sadly.
Several issues come up
Did Abraham worship a Canaanite god and was he polytheistic even thought he knew god?
Did the development of Yahweh come from Moses in Midan and come from a polytheistic backround?
Did the development of Yahweh come from Canaan and result as a evolution of the Canaanite religion?
Why does Genesis use different words from god (clearly removing Mosaic authorship) and not one? Was the reason theological? Or does it point to a polytheistic background (see also the similarities to the Enuma Elish)?
Why this is problematic: If these questions are true it seems to point to the development of the Israelite religion not from divine inspiration but from polytheistic origins. That is the character of God goes from one of reality and complete difference to polytheism all the way to being an origin from those religions. If the character is evolved from polytheism it rather removes the possibility of it being a true, monotheistic, god.
So does anyone know of any good resources (I tried google searches of the Vatican, with no mention in this context and of Catholic.com) about this and the hebrew bible?