And just one more on Galileo…
Just so we all can appreciate that the arguments against heliocentrism were not just religion based. Some good ones were scientifically based.
According to Matthew Arnold’s tape “Fire and Sword”,
the heliocentrist theory, which Galileo had adopted, was not a slam dumk to reconcile even among genuine scientists of the day.
Point#1: A major scientific dispute of the theory was that, if the earth was moving such a distance around the sun, we should see seasonal positional changes among the background of stars. Stars did not change in position, relative to one another, so the theory had one mark against it.
Of course, what no one, not even Galileo, knew at that time were the immense distances which separate the stars from earth. According to Arnold, Galileo had no real scientific answer for this scientific dilemma.
Point#2: According to Arnold, Galileo did not stop with saying the earth revolved around the sun. His theory suggested that the sun was the center of the universe.
So then, there was at the time no totally correct theory offered, since even Galileo was still in error, just less in error than geocentrism.
Isn’t all this historical stuff neat to look back on and dig into? If I could make a living doing what Matthew Arnold does, I’d jump all over it!
God Bless Us All!