Does anyone know of any resources that defend the Church’s stance on Galileo that were not written by Catholics?
That’s quite a request and I’d be interested in that as well.
The Catholic Educator’s Resource Center has some great articles on the subject (link), but I’m pretty sure they’re all written by Catholics. Of course, you might want to peruse them and see if any of the articles contain a bibliography which might point you toward a non-Catholic source.
Sure, look up the Michealson/Morley Experiment in the late 1800s. This experiment prompted Einstien to come up with the Theory of Relativity in an attempt to rule out that the experiment could show that the earth is not moving.
In addition look up modern day ether. Some scientists believe that sub-atomic particles make up a modern day ether (a medium which ligh travels through). If this is true Eistien’s Theory is a great mathimatical exercise but it would fail to explain the results of the Michealson/Morley experiment and would continue to leave the Church’s position as a scientific possibility.
A lot of people do not realize that the Keplar model is still theoretical and that the Tycho-Brah model is just as valid.