[quote="Symeon, post:15, topic:320047"]
This certainly stems from the ancient military standard bearer who would carry a flag or other symbol of the prince/king/leader of the unit, a sign of honor. The sign of OUR Lord and King is the cross.
After his conversion to Christianity, Constantine frequently used the cross and the chi-rho symbol as a military standard.
I found this quote form Eusebius describing Constantine's labarum
That makes sense, and thank you :). Why though, is the chi-rho not used? Even if it is the cross with the top part forming a P? Is it because the cross is a more universally recognized sign of Christianity?
[quote="tbtcom1213, post:14, topic:320047"]
Low Mass: Two Candles lit; everything is recited; minimal to no music; absence of incense (although in the Ordinary Form incense can be used at any form of Mass); Usually said on weekdays (ferial - daily), Sunday mornings, late evenings or simply any time deemed pastoral.
High Mass: Four or Six Candles lit; everything is sung; use of incense; possible inclusion of Deacon and sub deacon; usually held late Sunday morning and other occasions during the week;
Here is a clip of Cardinal Spellman's Mass at Yankee Stadium in 1957 wherein you see two processional crosses:
For the low Mass of a Bishop four candles are lit; he is attended by two chaplains and two acolytes; he uses the episcopal biretta (purple in color with purple tuft or pom);
For the High Mass of a Bishop six candles are lit (seven if he is the Ordinary); he is attended by honorary deacons at the throne, the Assistant priest, the deacon and subdeacon; two masters of ceremonies, four chaplains bearing the miter, crosier, book and bugia (candle); as well as the usual servers of a Solemn Mass.
The first greeting of the bishop is "Pax Vobis"; His blessing is preceded by two versicles;
(Sit nomen Domini benedictum & Adjutorium nostrum in nomini Domini)
A Bishop may preside at a Mass wherein he wears a miter and cope and shares the duties of the celebrant; He may also sit in choir, preach and/or assist with the distribution of Holy Communion.
A bishop usually enters the church in choir dress (biretta, pectoral cross, mozetta, rochet (or surplice) and cassock) or even the cappa magna, a long cape. At the doors he venerates the crucifix and blesses the faithful with holy water. He processes in and then prays before the Blessed Sacrament. He vests either in the sacristy, a side altar and/or chapel, the throne or the faldstool. He invests in the amice, alb, cincture, pectoral cross, stole, tunicle, dalmatic, chasuble, miter and episcopal gloves.
The person holding the cross before the Pope at his election is one of the Masters of Ceremonies in choir dress; He is wearing a violet cassock over which is a surplice; This signifies he is an Honorary Prelate, the second level of Monsignori in the Latin Church. A number of priests belong to the secretariat of the Office of LIturgical Celebrations headed by Monsignor Guido Marini, the current Papal Master of Ceremonies.
Thank you for the excellent explanation and the video, too!
By invests in, I assume you mean that's what he puts on, aka wears, to perform his duties? And why would a Bishop sit in the choir instead of doing the Mass?
[quote="CB_Catholic, post:16, topic:320047"]
I think the OP is going to be even more confused, because it is most likely he has been to OF Masses, and the terms Low Mass and High Mass are not used in that form.
To the OP--what Masses have you attended? Were they in Latin or in your normal language? Do you know the difference between the Ordinary Form of the Mass and the Extraordinary Form of the Mass? The terms High and Low Mass are not used in the Ordinary Form of the Mass. The Processional Cross is usually carried at the beginning of the Mass, at the Offertory (after the collection is taken up and the bread and wine are brought to the altar--the Processional Cross usually leads the procession, and at the end of Mass, when the clergy and servers process out of the sanctuary. This is in the Ordinary Form, I do not remember what is done in the Extraordinary Form, I haven't been to one in years.
I've attended 2 I can remember - realistically it's just 1 (since the other one was many years ago). The second was in October last year. It was in English, and I assume it was Ordinary Form (it was done as the first service in the parish - either 6 am or 7 am I can't remember which, and what you described I can remember happening).