I like Strong’s exhaustive concordance generally, but it is limited to the King James Version of the Bible. I don’t know if there is a Catholic counterpart to that high quality book. I’ve seen an edition of Strong’s that was simply wrong, that did not agree with an older edition that I already had. (I just threw away the “revised” edition.)
The New (~1993) Jerome Biblical Commentary has many features that you may be looking for, but it is not word concordance. My opinion is that a word concordance has its place but I wouldn’t think that it is very central to the discussion.
NJBC has a number of topical essays that are very academic in terms of quality.
I think the series of books on Jesus of Nazareth by Pope Benedict XVI are very instructive. I just finished a first reading of The One Christ by Meconi, which discusses st. Augustine’s theory of deification. His thesis is that deification (or divinization or the Greek theosis) is a metaphor for the Christian life. The book is expensive, because it’s probably a textbook for a theology class, but it’s worth the read, if you can get your hands on a copy.
My local public library has a aging set of something called The Interpreter’s Bible (with contributions by Catholics) which is very helpful.
If you have access to a library at a Catholic college you might see what they have on the shelves.