Hippo and Carthage

Doing a little research on councils and noticed that the 21 recognized ecumenical councils start with Nicea (325 AD) then next is Constantinople (381AD) then Ephesus (431 AD). If our Scripture Cannon was decided at Hippo (393 AD) and Carthage (397AD), why aren’t they listed in the 21? Were they a different type of council?

Short answer: yes. They were local. Their resolutions were sent to Rome and affirmed there. But they were not “ecumenical.”

Hippo and Carthage are what we call today as synods. They were gatherings of bishops from a given region and were held near the end of the 4th century and after the beginning of the 5th century. These two synods compiled the canon of Sacred Scripture which was then accepted and confirmed by the pope. The ecumenical council that formally defined the canon was Trent in the 16th century. Trent addressed the issue of the books of the Bible because the canon had been attacked by the Protestant “deformers.”

thanks a million. this is my first post, you all are great!God Bless You.

[quote=adame4]Doing a little research on councils and noticed that the 21 recognized ecumenical councils start with Nicea (325 AD) then next is Constantinople (381AD) then Ephesus (431 AD). If our Scripture Cannon was decided at Hippo (393 AD) and Carthage (397AD), why aren’t they listed in the 21? Were they a different type of council?
[/quote]

Usually I call the the Local councils or small “c” councils when I reference them. The council of Hippo intead of the Council of Trent. They are important because they are often referred to by the 21 Universal Councils in their canons or decrees.

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