House posed to apologize for Slavery, Jim Crow

One only has to read the articles of secession issued by the rebellious states to see that they seceded over slavery. They prclaimed it loudly and proudly when they seceded but adopted the “lost cause” myth after the war.

Lincoln freed the only slaves he could with the emancipation proclomation . The only way to end all slavery was a constitutional amendment. Lincoln emanciapted the slaves in the rebellious states under the theory that they were “contrabands” of war-that is they were engaged(unwillingly) in helping the rebellions cause and thus could be freed the same way Union Troops could seize goods being used to help with the rebellion. The name stuck-Blacks fighting for the union were often called "contrabands.

You are correct that the other purpose of the proclomation was to make the war about slavery. After the Proclomation the chance that Britain or any european power would recognize the xouth and join the war oin their side ended.

Confederate Vice President Alexander Hamilton Stevens said before the war:

“Our government is founded upon the great truth that the negro is not equal to the white man. That slavery, subordination to the superior race, is his natural and moral condition. This, our new government, is the first in the history of the world based upon this great physical, philosophical and moral truth”

Jefferson Davis in his message to the Confederate Congress in late April 1861 said:

“The labor of African slaves was and is indispensable to the South’s economic development. With interests of such overwhelming magnitude imperiled, the people of the Southern States were driven by the conduct of the North to the adoption of some course of action to avert the danger with which they were openly menaced.”

The Mississippi State Convention said before the war:

“A blow at slavery is a blow at civilization. We have no choice but submission to the mandates of abolition or dissolution of the Union.”

It is obvious that slavery caused secession. It is also obvious that the North cared more about restoring the Union. But I would still argue that the North had, in a relative sense, the slightly higher moral ground. Running for bunker…

An apology is warranted but not reparations.

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