[quote=biz]Can someone help me understand how God and Jesus are supposed to be ONE when Jesus refers to God as His Father and God calls Jesus His Son? and in Luke 18:19, “Why do you call me good?” Jesus answered. No one is good-except God alone. In what sense are they one?
What about the Holy Spirit? In what way is it one with God and Jesus?
Is God higher than Jesus, or more powerful? thank you
Jesus and God are one because they are one in essence / nature. As Jesus Himself clearly says in John 10:30 that “I and my Father are one…” Yet it is likewise clear that Jesus is not the same Person as the Father as is clear in John 5:31-32 which says [font=Tahoma]
If I bear witness to myself, my testimony is not true;
there is another who bears witness to me, and I know that the testimony which he bears to me is true.
[/font]And similarly in John 8:17-18, Jesus says that:
“It is also written in your law, that the testimony of two men is true. I am one that bear witness of myself, and the Father that sent me beareth witness of me”
Jesus was here clearly referring to ancient Jewish Law which states that:
One witness is not enough to convict a man accused of any crime or offense he may have committed. A matter must be established by the testimony of two or three witnesses. (Deut. 19:15)
Only persons can serve as a witness, hence we can conclude that while the Father and the Son are one in essence or Godhood, they are distinct as persons. Thus as God, Jesus Christ is good and powerful just as the Father is good and powerful. But Jesus, in his human nature, is in a sense subject to the Father.
The same applies to the Holy Spirit for as Peter, when confronting a sinful couple asked them why they have lied to the Spirit, and in so doing they have lied not to men but to God (Acts 5:3-4) which clearly identifies the Spirit with God. Thus the Holy Spirit is God. Since the Spirit can love (Romans 15:30) and be grieved(Eph. 4:30), The Holy Spirit is therefore a personal being as well, since only a person can love and be grieved.