For example, the Pope granted a special indulgence for all those who atteneded WYD. How does he do this? Does he just think to himself, “I’m going to grant an indulgence.” Is there a special prayer or rite that he has to do? How’s it all happen?
The indulgence is proclaimed by Papal Bull, which stipulates the type of indulgence and the criteria for obtaining it.
(a “bull” is like a letter or memo (from the same Latin root as “Bulletin.”) It isn’t a sarcastic term (bull-****) as some have thought).