I ask this question and got this answer from another site,Please help me to understand how much of this answer is true or false.
PLEASE READ ALL OF STATEMENT.
**Canon - How the Books were Chosen
The canon is simply the recognized body of work by a branch of the Church. Which writings should, or should not be included in the Bible as scripture. Because other works were creeping in over time. It became necessary for each group (Jewish and Christian) to meet and state for an historical record, the source of all their books and writings. Therefore, there is an official Hebrew, Protestant, Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Canon.
1… Hebrew Canon - Council of Jamina/Jabneh 90 A.D. To aid in the rebuilding of Jewish religious life after the destruction of the temple in 70 A.D. the Jewish Canon was officially stated at this time although the official canon was considered closed in 400 B.C. Several criteria were used in selecting books:
1… The book must come from a period considered to be inspired. From the time of Moses to Ezra.
2… It must be in harmony with the Torah (the first 5 books).
3… The language of the original book must be written in Hebrew.
4… The book must be written within the geographical area of Palestine.
2… Protestant Canon - Council of Nicea 325 A.D. Since it was a persecuted church for close to three hundred years, a canon was not declared until the church was officially tolerated. The 27 books of the New Testament and the 39 books of the Hebrew Old Testament were recognized by the entire Church at that time to be the only authentic books.
At the time, everyone accepted only those writings as the authentic works of the authors. This is the canon that is used in the Protestant Bible. The Old Testament is similar to the Hebrew canon.
This allowed them to state that the other works were not widely accepted and their origin was suspicious. Several criteria were used in selecting the books:
1… The book must be written by an apostle or a person with very close relationship to the early church
2… The book must give clear evidence that it is divinely inspired.
3… The book must be in harmony with other scripture
4… The book was to be universally accepted by the church. This criteria highlights the fact that the councils did not meet to decide which books should be included. They addressed the problem of a growing body of works of suspicious origin. They met to confirm what they believed and understood and why. Therefore, the other criteria probably reflects their criticism of the other books.
3… Protestant Canon - Council of Carthage 397 A.D. Again officially recognized only the 27 books of the New Testament and also identified the growing body of apocryphal and pseudepigraphal works.
4… Roman Catholic Canon - Council of Trent in 1546 Accepted the Deuterocanonical works in the Catholic Church, against the advice of former church scholars. Therefore, over 1200 years later, the church included books rejected by earlier groups who were much more familiar with what was happening.
The subject that everyone avoids talking about is the Dark Ages when the Catholic Church ruled the world and killed all those who did not agree with them. They wrote many false books to prove their teachings because it could not be proved from Scripture. These books would suddenly be “found” to prove what they were saying although they were forgeries.**