How can a priest take the title "Father"?

Please explain how a priest takes the spiritual title of “Father” when Scripture strictly forbids it in Matthew 23:9.

Rabbi, since you are quoting the New Testament and calling it “Scripture,” I assume that you are a Christian – possibly a Messianic Jew. If that is the case, then perhaps you should look at the passage in its entirety and reflect on why you call yourself “rabbi”:

They [the scribes and the Pharisees] do all their deeds to be seen by men; for they make their phylacteries broad and their fringes long, and they love the place of honor at feasts and the best seats in the synagogues, and salutations in the market places, and being called rabbi by men. But you are not to be called rabbi, for you have one teacher, and you are all brethren. And call no man your father on earth, for you have one Father, who is in heaven. Neither be called masters, for you have one master, the Christ. He who is greatest among you shall be your servant; whoever exalts himself will be humbled, and whoever humbles himself will be exalted (Matt. 23:5-12, emphasis added).

Recommended reading:

Call No Man Father?

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