This I find a bit troubeling or confusing. When reading sacred scriptures It seems Jesus moves away from the law towards attitude. Which relaxes some legal restrictions and increases others like:
“‘Teacher, which is the greatest commandment in the Law?’ Jesus replied: ‘“Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind.” This is the first and greatest commandment. And the second is like it: “Love your neighbor as yourself.” All the Law and the Prophets hang on these two commandments.’”
Seems to release some restrictions of following Mitzvot 613 of Torah to following a summary law which favors an attitude rather than strict legal adherance to the law. So if you follow the generallity of these two “laws” all of Torah is encompassed even though Mitzvot 613 isn’t strictly considered. Then you have passages like these:
“You have heard that it was said, ‘Eye for eye, and tooth for tooth.’ But I tell you, Do not resist an evil person. If someone strikes you on the right cheek, turn to him the other also. And if someone wants to sue you and take your tunic, let him have your cloak as well.” -Matthew 5:38-40
Where the attitude of following law actually requires more involvement and individual sacrifice then is specified in the Law. Now consider Paul’s discourse in Romans and Galatians. Paul indicates that a purpose of the law is to indicate we are sinners.
“For by the law is the knowledge of sin” - Romans 3:20
But Christian life is to be one lead by faith as we note in Galatians
The just shall live by faith. And the law is not of faith - Gal 3:11
Emphasizing this very point Paul even makes a point to say
You foolish Galatians! Who has bewitched you? Before your very eyes Jesus Christ was clearly portrayed as crucified. 2 I would like to learn just one thing from you: Did you receive the Spirit by the works of the law, or by believing what you heard? Gal 3:1-2
Now seeing how these verses can work in contrasting the law to our faith. And knowing a bit of the Jewish background of Jesus day where. When the Jews returned from Captivity in Babylon Ezra established Ha Kennesit who in attempting to 1) Uphold Torah and 2) Create Jewish life around Torah such that their behavior and attitudes were distinguished from their neighbors living in the land 3) by these two earlier principles to create a “Hedge of Protection around Torah”. The Jews created a strong atmosphere of 1) Adhereing to the law no matter what the consequences - 2 Macc 7 and 2) an attitude of us and them.
Now over the years it seems Catholics do a similar thing of establishing Canon Law. Though Canon Law is differentiated from Divine Law it seems that certain Divine requirements may not be assessed if Canon Law is offended.
So how do we distinguish between what the Jews did with their Halakhah and what we do with Canon Law and are we falling into the same behavior because of canon law?