474 By its union to the divine wisdom in the person of the Word incarnate, Christ enjoyed in his human knowledge the fullness of understanding of the eternal plans he had come to reveal.108 What he admitted to not knowing in this area, he elsewhere declared himself not sent to reveal.109
475 Similarly, at the sixth ecumenical council, Constantinople III in 681, the Church confessed that Christ possesses two wills and two natural operations, divine and human. They are not opposed to each other, but cooperate in such a way that the Word made flesh willed humanly in obedience to his Father all that he had decided divinely with the Father and the Holy Spirit for our salvation.110 Christ’s human will “does not resist or oppose but rather submits to his divine and almighty will.”1
I have underlined portions that undermine my understanding of the value of Jesus’ obedience: It appears to me that obedience in the face of uncertainty is more valuable, more dramatic, because more painful, than obedience in the face of certainty, wherein only physical pain is risked. Jesus even seems to confirm this in John 20:29, "Jesus said to [Thomas], “Have you come to believe because you have seen me? Blessed are those who have not seen and have believed.” "
Thus, it appears the obedient suffering of the agnostic is worse, hence more valuable, than the same suffering from the Son of God. (It also appears harder for a Father to justify.)
What are your thoughts on this point? Doesn’t uncertainty, not knowing that God exists (and apparently being unable to know apart from private revelation), make obedience more valuable? I wonder if this is part of what St. Paul says about “filling up what is lacking in the afflictions of Christ”, but here Christian revelation seems incoherent, because at the same time it is affirmed that nothing was lacking.
Perhaps the resolution comes in Genesis 4:4-7:
The LORD looked with favor on Abel and his offering, but on Cain and his offering he did not look with favor. So Cain was very angry and dejected. Then the LORD said to Cain: Why are you angry? Why are you dejected? If you act rightly, you will be accepted;
That is to say, there’s no competition here.