This is a genuine question I’ve been pondering recently.
Why is it that all the Sacraments are only valid if performed by someone with valid Holy Orders yet baptism can be performed by any Christian (Catholic or non-Catholic, male or female, priest or not)?
Is there something in the nature of Baptism that makes it different than the other Sacraments? What is the theological justification if this is deemed the case?
It would seem to me that the Sacraments by definition would need to all be performed by a validly ordained Priest (including Baptism) or that all can be performed by laypeople including those not of the Catholic faith.
Also, intimately tied into this question lies another: Why is it that Baptism is the one Sacrament that the Church recognizes even interdenominationally as long as it is done in the proper, Trinitarian formula, yet even the Sacrament of Confirmation (which is said to leave a similar “indelible mark on the soul” as does Baptism) is repeated on Christian converts to the faith who were previously confirmed in other communions?
Thanks for all your help answering the questions of this infant in the faith!