[quote=kaycee]I would side with Augustines interpretation.
"In a passage in this book, I said about the Apostle Peter: ‘On him as on a rock the Church was built’…But I know that very frequently at a later time, I so explained what the Lord said: ‘Thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my Church,’ that it be understood as **built upon Him whom Peter confessed **saying: ‘Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God,’ and so **Peter, called after this rock, represented the person of the Church **which is built upon this rock, and has received ‘the keys of the kingdom of heaven.’ For, ‘Thou art Peter’ and not ‘Thou art the rock’ was said to him. **But ‘the rock was Christ,’ in confessing whom, as also the whole Church confesses, Simon was called Peter. But let the reader decide which of these two opinions is the more probable **(The Fathers of the Church (Washington D.C., Catholic University, 1968), Saint Augustine, The Retractations Chapter 20.1).
Augustine says Christ is the Rock and the keys are the confession that Jesus is the Christ. The keys represents the confession for no one can enter without confessing that Jesus is the Christ! Peter is given the keys, the confession of Faith which “unlocks” the entrance to Heaven!
Augustine also lets the reader decide what this foundational verse means? :eek: Apparently the early church did not recognize this verse as instituting a papacy.
Yes, but let’s quote all of what St. Augustine said:
“There are many other things which rightly keep me in the bosom of the Catholic Church. The consent of the people and nations keeps me, her authority keeps me, inaugurated by miracles, nourished in hope, enlarged by love, and established by age. The succession of priests keep me, from the very seat of the apostle Peter (to whom the Lord after his resurrection gave charge to feed his sheep) down to the present episcopate [of Pope Siricius]” (*Against the Letter of Mani Called “The Foundation” *5 [A.D. 397]).
“[On this matter of the Pelagians] two councils have already been sent to the Apostolic See [the bishop of Rome], and from there rescripts too have come. The matter is at an end; would that the error too might be at an end!” (*Sermons *131:10 [A.D. 411]).