I just heard a new (to me) argument against the Eucharist and I’m not sure how best to answer it.
Argument (paraphrasing): *The apostles did not receive Jesus’s body blood soul and divinity at the last supper. If they had, they would not have continued to be fearful and weak. At Pentecost they were emboldened by the Holy Spirit. So (he concludes) the Eucharist is a mere symbol which has no effect on the recipient. Bread and Wine do not become the Body, Blood, Soul and Divinity of Christ. Christ is more present in those who have received the Spirit than on those who participate in the memorial of the Lord’s supper.
The first thought that came to my mind, was that the apostles received the Holy Spirit before Pentecost…when Jesus breathed on them (John 20:23) and gave them the power to forgive and retain sins. They were still scared and weak after that as well.
Perhaps the apostles were so emboldened by the Spirit at Pentecost because they had already participated in the passion and death of Jesus and received the Holy Spirit when He breathed on them. Maybe the outpouring of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost was an exceptional outpouring.
Just a few thoughts, but I’m sure some of you have better ones to offer. Anything would be appreciated!