How was the Mass celebrated by the 1st Christians?


#1

Is there any proof that Peter celebrated Mass in a way we would easily recognize when he was in Rome?


#2

[quote=Philomena]Is there any proof that Peter celebrated Mass in a way we would easily recognize when he was in Rome?
[/quote]

Yes, there is much proof in the early writings of what we would recognize as the basic form of the Mass. St. Justin pops into my mind. The early Christians followed the pattern of the Jewish service for the Liturgy of the word shown in the book of Acts. They then celebrated the Breaking of the Bread in the homes of Christians in secret. These two parts came together not long after the first century as St. Justin outlines.


#3

[quote=Philomena]Is there any proof that Peter celebrated Mass in a way we would easily recognize when he was in Rome?
[/quote]

Good day, Philomena

In addition to Justin not sure what writtings are being thought of by the poster you may read Eusebius Demonstratio Evangelica.

Peace to u,

Bill


#4

[quote=Br. Rich SFO]Yes, there is much proof in the early writings of what we would recognize as the basic form of the Mass. St. Justin pops into my mind. The early Christians followed the pattern of the Jewish service for the Liturgy of the word shown in the book of Acts. They then celebrated the Breaking of the Bread in the homes of Christians in secret. These two parts came together not long after the first century as St. Justin outlines.
[/quote]

Are there any writings describing Peter celebrating? Or someone Peter taught?


#5

[quote=Philomena]Are there any writings describing Peter celebrating? Or someone Peter taught?
[/quote]

Why specifically Peter?


#6

[quote=Fidelis]Why specifically Peter?
[/quote]

Because someone is telling me that the liturgy had not developed by the time Peter was in Rome, hence he would not have used the chalice used by Christ at the Last Supper. This all started when we learned of a cup claiming to be the same cup that Christ used to institute the Eucharist that is kept in Spain. The Valencia(sp?) cup. Supposedly the cup was given to Peter, being the head of the Church.

So, that’s why I wanted to know if Peter was to have been known to celebrate Mass as we know it?

Here’s the article zenit.org/english/visualizza.phtml?sid=62694

I guess I should have just asked about this cup, but, really, we are having a piece by piece discussion and the piece that we are at is that Peter wouldn’t have celebrated a Mass because it wasn’t ‘developed’ yet. Thanks for your patience!:slight_smile:


#7

[quote=Philomena]Because someone is telling me that the liturgy had not developed by the time Peter was in Rome, hence he would not have used the chalice used by Christ at the Last Supper.
[/quote]

We have no reason to believe that Peter celebrated the Eucharist any different from that described by St. Paul in 1 Corinthians 11. In fact, Paul says that he “recieved” this teaching from others, presumably the Apostles, including Peter:

23
For I received from the Lord what I also handed on to you, that the Lord Jesus, on the night he was handed over, took bread,
24
and, after he had given thanks, broke it and said, "This is my body that is for you. Do this in remembrance of me."
25
In the same way also the cup, after supper, saying, "This cup is the new covenant in my blood. Do this, as often as you drink it, in remembrance of me."
26
For as often as you eat this bread and drink the cup, you proclaim the death of the Lord until he comes.
27
Therefore whoever eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Lord unworthily will have to answer for the body and blood of the Lord.
28
A person should examine himself, and so eat the bread and drink the cup.
29
For anyone who eats and drinks without discerning the body, eats and drinks judgment on himself.


#8

The Didache may be of interest to you. It was recently discovered in a monastery behind a jug of vintage port (just kidding) but it was just recently found in a monastery.

It is reputed to be the Apostolic letter spoken of in Acts 15. Here is what they say to new converts

"Now according to the Lord’s day, gather together and break bread and give thanks, after acknowledging your wanderings (sins) to one another, so your sacrifice would be a clean one."
earlychristianwritings.com/didache.html


#9

[quote=Philomena]Is there any proof that Peter celebrated Mass in a way we would easily recognize when he was in Rome?
[/quote]

Doesn’t the last supper count? Since peter was present?
Consider that Acts of the Apostles & other NT passages speak of breaking bread on the first day of the week.Also see this tract on this website.catholic.com/library/Sacrifice_of_the_Mass.asp
and catholic.com/library/Institution_of_the_Mass.asp


#10

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