[quote=Archbishop 10-K]Hahahaha, we haven’t even started reading any famous Romans’ works yet. My district has us use the Cambridge Latin Course. cambridgescp.com/latin/clc/clc_home.html
As far as the test, the parts I failed miserably on were all grammar related. I have no idea what perfect active participles, gerundives, subjunctives, passive periphrastics, ablative of means, and all that stuff are. Also, we’re given short stories to translate, and I’m terrible at translating sentences. I’m not even sure how I made it this far.
Subjunctive is a mood that is translated should or would/ For example. Subjunctive is less of reality kind of, than indicitive.
Optem is present, first person, singular, subjunctive, active. It means to desire.
You translate it normally to mean “I would desire” or “I could desire” or "I should desire.
You use it in conditional clauses.
Ablative of means(Instrument) expresses the means by which an action is done. You do not use a preposition with it. For example.
nautae gladiis pugnant - The sailors fight with swords.
gladiis means swords and it is the ablative.
**Perfect active participles **don’t exist I don’t think. The only participles that exist are the present active, perfect passive, and the future active and the future passive.
The Passive Periprastic is the future passive participle with the verb sum. It expresses something that is to happen. It is translated as “have to” or “must” or “should”. The diference between the passive and the active periphrastic and passive periphrastic is as follows.
passive - optatus est - he has been desired
active periphrastic - optaturus est - he is about to desire
passive periphrastic - optandus est - he has to be desired.
I do not know what gerundives are because I have not covered those yet in the latin I have taken. I am taking another semester of latin next semester.