I thought you had to be a Bishop to be an "Ordinary"

Monsignor Jeffrey N. Steenson is the first Ordinary for Catholic parishes under the “Anglican Use” rite. He is the Ordinary for all these parishes (such as this one).

Msgr. Steenson was formerly a bishop in the Episcopal Church who “defected” to Rome under the Pastoral Provision. But he’s ineligible to be consecrated Bishop in the Catholic Church because he is married.

Pope Benedict-16 gave Steenson the rank of “protonotary apostolic,” which is apparently the highest “rank” of monsignor. So he’s about as close as you can get to being a Bishop without actual consecration.

But he’s not a Bishop (and, according to Pope Leo-8, he never was). I thought you had to be a Bishop to be an Ordinary.

Can. 134 §1. In addition to the Roman Pontiff, by the title of ordinary are understood in the law diocesan bishops and others who, even if only temporarily, are placed over some particular church or a community equivalent to it according to the norm of can. 368 as well as those who possess general ordinary executive power in them, namely, vicars general and episcopal vicars; likewise, for their own members, major superiors of clerical religious institutes of pontifical right and of clerical societies of apostolic life of pontifical right who at least possess ordinary executive power.

§2. By the title of local ordinary are understood all those mentioned in §1 except the superiors of religious institutes and of societies of apostolic life.

We conflate ‘ordinary’ and ‘bishop’, I’d guess, because most often, we think about diocesan bishops as filling that role. :shrug:

Do not forget Msgr. Harry Entwistle of Australia’s Ordinariate as well as Msgr. Keith Newton of England and Wales.

Newton’s Wikipedia article explains this quite well:

It depends on what the ordinary is the ordinary of. For example, the ordinary of a diocese is a Bishop, the ordinary of an Archdiocese is an Archbishop, the ordinary of a Metropolitan Archdiocese is a Metropolitan Archbishop (though usually just called Archbishop)

For example, the following sees or jurstictions sometimes have non-bishops as their ordinary
*]Territorial Abbacies
*]Personal Ordinariates
*]Apostolic Prefectures
*]Independent Missions
*]Patriarchal Exarchates
*]Territories Dependent on the Patriarch


God Bless!

I wish to retract and correct that statement.

Fr. Hans Urs von Balthasar (who died two days before being created a Cardinal by JP2) was the first priest to be created a Cardinal in many centuries

Surely an actual priest-Cardinal supersedes any Monsignor. The designation of “Cardinal priest” is typicality honorific, as all modern Cardinals are Bishops.

Two different concepts are at play here. According to the Order of Precedence, Cardinals are second only to the Pope. So yes, a priest who is created Cardinal will outrank a Monsignor in precedence.

However, there are three ranks of Cardinals. Cardinal-bishop, cardinal-presbyter (or priest), and cardinal-deacon.

“Cardinal bishops (cardinals of the episcopal order) are among the most senior prelates of the Catholic Church. Though in modern times most cardinals are also bishops, the term “cardinal bishop” only refers to the cardinals who are titular bishops of one of the “suburbicarian” sees.”

“Cardinal priests are the most numerous of the three orders of cardinals in the Catholic Church, ranking above the cardinal deacons and below the cardinal bishops. Those who are named cardinal priests today are generally bishops of important dioceses throughout the world, though some hold Curial positions.”

“The cardinal deacons are the lowest-ranking cardinals. Cardinals elevated to the diaconal order are either officials of the Roman Curia or priests elevated after their 80th birthday. Bishops with diocesan responsibilities, however, are created cardinal priests.”

Typically, all three of these types of cardinals are in actuality ordained bishops. The name of the cardinal rank does not actually correspond to their rank in Holy Orders.

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