If a person commits suicide, is he automatically lost? [Akin]

Suicide is a delicate and disturbing subject.

After the recent suicide of Brittany Maynard, many people are discussing it, and some are asking perennial questions, like whether those who commit suicide are automatically lost.

While suicide can be a mortal sin, it is not always one, and the Church both prays for those who have committed suicide and encourages us not to despair of their salvation.

Here is a video in which I discuss the subject.

Here are is the Catechism’s discussion of the conditions necessary for mortal sin.

1857 For a sin to be mortal, three conditions must together be met: “Mortal sin is sin whose object is grave matter and which is also committed with full knowledge and deliberate consent.”

And here is the passage from the Catechism of the Catholic Church on suicide:

2280 Everyone is responsible for his life before God who has given it to him.

It is God who remains the sovereign Master of life.

We are obliged to accept life gratefully and preserve it for his honor and the salvation of our souls.

We are stewards, not owners, of the life God has entrusted to us.

It is not ours to dispose of.

2281 Suicide contradicts the natural inclination of the human being to preserve and perpetuate his life.

It is gravely contrary to the just love of self.

It likewise offends love of neighbor because it unjustly breaks the ties of solidarity with family, nation, and other human societies to which we continue to have obligations.

Suicide is contrary to love for the living God.

2282 If suicide is committed with the intention of setting an example, especially to the young, it also takes on the gravity of scandal.

**Voluntary co-operation in suicide is contrary to the moral law. **

Grave psychological disturbances, anguish, or grave fear of hardship, suffering, or torture can diminish the responsibility of the one committing suicide.

2283 We should not despair of the eternal salvation of persons who have taken their own lives. By ways known to him alone, God can provide the opportunity for salutary repentance. the Church prays for persons who have taken their own lives.

As I said in the video, let’s pray for all those who are tempted to commit suicide, for all those who have committed it, and for all those who have lost someone to suicide.

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Timely and helpful. :thumbsup:

As far as Brittany Maynard is concerned, these that you bolded are very much in play:

**2282 If suicide is committed with the intention of setting an example, especially to the young, it also takes on the gravity of scandal.

Voluntary co-operation in suicide is contrary to the moral law.

Grave psychological disturbances, anguish, or grave fear of hardship, suffering, or torture can diminish the responsibility of the one committing suicide.**

There have been a few threads recently about suicide. Only God knows.

The person could have repented at the last minute. We do not know.

Yes, I suppose you could say she was intending to ‘set an example’ which would then be scandalous. On the other hand, I think it’s fair to say she also had ‘grave fear of hardship’ - namely, the fear of losing various functions while her brain slowly died. :frowning:

Most suicides involve one or more mental illnesses, so I daresay that gives diminished responsibility to some extent.

I had an aunty who committed suicide about five years ago. She wasn’t religious or anything…one just has to pray that God is merciful.

Yes it is a mortal sin to kill one’s self. However, in Brittany’s case I think she was in so much fear and suffering she might not have been thinking clearly. Only God would know. I pray God will have mercy on her. I do not stand with her choice or any one who decides the same thing. Yet I think in some cases people might get “temporary insanity” which I think is an illness and would lessen their responsibility.

Yesterday I posted a video in which I discuss the question of whether those who commit suicide are automatically lost.

The answer, of course, is no, but I posted the video so people could see the reasoning behind this.

Unfortunately, I neglected to include a direct link to the video for those who subscribe to the blog by email, and I got several requests for one.

So here it is.

You can watch the video by clicking here.

If (or, more likely,*when) I forget to include such a link in the future, be aware that you should be able to go directly to the relevant blog post (and video) by clicking the large headline at the top of the email (not the subject line, but the headline at the top of the body of the email).

You can also go directly to JimmyAkin.com, and should be close to the top of the blog.

I mention these options since it will allow you to have instant info-gratification, rather than having to wait for me to be able to send out the link once I discover the problem. http://jimmyakin.com/wp-includes/images/smilies/icon_smile.gif

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