[quote="grannymh, post:18, topic:274754"]
which serves as the basis for the biological theories regarding human nature is materialism or one of its forms. That is perfectly fine since natural science is in the material/physical domain.
In the old days on CAF, I would refer to two different ways of exploring reality. The original reasoning has been updated out of respect for the current ban on evolution discussion.
The reasoning follows.
The philosophical position
that all reality is material is unable to address the uniqueness of the human species.
Instead of expanding this philosophical view to include [FONT=Arial]both the material *and *spiritual reality of humanity, the distinguishing uniqueness of the human species, which is its spiritual soul, was eliminated. Consequently, man became a material being, an animal with higher degrees of certain abilities. [/FONT]
By all means, the domain of natural science is that of the material and physical world. But that does not automatically eliminate the spiritual from inquiry as if it were non-existent. The choice of the single material explanation for the human species does not mean that other possibilities must be excluded from an independent analysis.
Ah, one says. The spiritual cannot be put under a microscope. True. But that does not exclude the reality of its existence which can be known by the tools of reason, self reflection, logical evaluation, and analytical thought.
What people need to remember is that human nature, per se, unites both the material world and the spiritual world. This is why it can be said that we are made in the image of God. Therefore, we are called by God to share in His life eternally through knowledge and love. This is why the first human person, Adam, and ourselves were created.
What made Adam different from all other living organisms is that God created a spiritual soul as the essential principle of human nature. It is because of its spiritual soul that the anatomy consisting of matter becomes a living human being. Spirit and matter are not two natures united but rather their union forms one, single nature, that of a human person, you and me.
My point is that by definition each reality, material and spiritual, has its own special tools used for exploration. The interesting thing is that the tools of reason, self reflection, logical evaluation, and analytical thought which are used for exploration of the spiritual domain, can also be used to explore the material domain.