My husband was previously married-and then later divorced. This was his first marriage and his (now) ex-wife’s second marriage. They were both Catholic and were married in an outdoor wedding by a non-denominational minister. His ex-wife had her first marriage nullified by the Catholic Church. They later renewed their vows with a Catholic priest in a Catholic church.
After months of discussion and praying with my husband over religion, children (and ethics and parenting preferences) I have a strong desire to convert to Catholicism and be re-married in a Catholic Church. At this time I also discovered that our (now) marriage is invalid in the eyes of the church.
My questions are this:
Although my husband’s first marriage had an initially invalid ceremony (it was not performed by a catholic priest and it was outdoors), does the renewal of vows in a Catholic church render the marriage valid?
If the marriage is valid, does that then mean that if I were to convert and complete RCIA that I would be also unable to partake in sacraments of confession and Eucharist until either the marriage is nullified OR my husband and I choose to remain chaste?
If the marriage is invalid, is he still required to seek nullification?