The Catholic Church teaches that God made all human souls immortal, which is why sinners aren’t annihilated at their death. Does this mean that God, in his omnipotence, cannot destroy a soul?
In other words, here is the syllogism:
A. God is omnipotent.
B. God created human souls and made them immortal.
C. An immortal entity cannot be killed by its very definition.
D. God cannot defy logic.
E. God cannot kill a soul.
F. Therefore, God’s omnipotence is compromised.
What is also illogical is that he created something that did not always exist and made it indestructible and therefore unable to return to its state of inexistence. This means that:
- Created souls are timeless like God himself.
- God managed to make himself less potent by virtue of creating an indestructible entity. (a paradox)
I’m really curious to know the objections to this. I personally always thought it made more sense that souls were in fact destructible. It would seem like God being able to create an immortal creature equates to God being able to create another God, which is a famous logical contradiction often used by theists who want to explain that having to abide to logical consistency does not negate omnipotence.
One refutation I can think of is that God purposely and irreversibly reduced his potency by making us immortal out of selfless love and dedication. Another is that God can turn an immortal entity into a mortal one, but that then renders immortality arbitrary. It would also mean that He could render Himself immortal, which is a paradox.