India's first Mars satellite 'Mangalyaan' enters orbit


#1

Mars is a busy place right now. A new US mission arrived a few days ago, and today an Indian spacecraft entered orbit around Mars.

India has successfully put a satellite into orbit around Mars, becoming the fourth country to do so.

The Mangalyaan robotic probe, one of the cheapest interplanetary missions $74 million] ever, will soon begin work studying the Red Planet’s atmosphere.

Only the US, Europe and Russia have previously sent missions to Mars, but India is the first country to succeed on its first attempt.

One key goal is to try to detect methane in the Martian air, which could be an indicator of biological activity at, or more likely just below, the surface.

bbc.com/news/science-environment-28268186

Mars has sometimes been referred to as the “death planet” because so many missions there have failed. Only 42% of attempts to reach Mars have succeeded.


#2

The mission only cost $74 million, which is considered very inexpensive. However, can India afford to be doing space research? After all, 400 million Indians still live without electricity and 600 million people still do not have access to toilets.

However, considering India has a population of 1.2 billion, the cost of the mission amounts to seven cents per person.


#3

That is pretty cool. I am happy that they succeeded.


#4

what do you mean?


#5

Being an Indian I can say with out any doubt that India is a PARADOX indeed. There are more mobile phones in india than the no of toliets


#6

Here is the US, the priorities in the federal budget are sometimes criticized. The space program is no exception, with some saying that launching money into space is intolerable when so many unmet human needs exist in this country. This political pressure led President Nixon to downgrade space plans and may have been part of the reason why the space shuttle program was used 15 years longer than it was designed for. Patching up an outdated system was cheaper than paying for a replacement. (Eventually, patching it wasn’t enough, but we still didn’t have a replacement.)

What are the moral implications of a government budget when it comes to funding space research or other scientific endeavors?


#7

india invests in both areas.


#8

People who criticize the US space program for that reason are woefully misinformed. In 2013, 12% of the total federal budget went to welfare or “safety net” programs in the US. Foreign aid accounts for another 1%. In comparison, NASA got less than .5%. That’s not a typo - less than half a percent.


#9

I would also tend to question India’s priorities in this matter – wonder what $74 million might do for the residents of Kolkata. That said, perhaps the Indian scientists and engineers might be able to teach their U.S. counterparts something about thrifty design and scientific budgeting. We probably spend $74 million for an “environmental impact statement” before our scientists are able to do anything at all.


#10

mangalyaan costs only 20% of usa mars mission


#11

The cost of a single F-35 Lightning II fighter aircraft is about the same or more than India’s Mars launch.

f35.com/about/fast-facts/cost

Production Costs

The F-35 Lightning II was designed to be an affordable 5th Generation fighter, taking advantage of economies of scale and commonalities between the three variants. Since we built the first F-35, production costs have dropped 55 percent.

The most recently contracted unit costs for Low Rate Initial Production lot 7 (not including the engine) are:

F-35A: $98 million
F-35B: $104 million
F-35C: $116 million

An F-35A purchased in 2018 and delivered in 2020 will be $85 million, which is the equivalent of $75 million in today’s dollars.


#12

For all those who criticize India spending 74m$ on mars mission,the cost per person for India’s mass mission is just 7 cents…(population of 1.2 billion)
The govt expect that India could be very well be the destination for low cost space exploration (which could lead to many jobs)
Unfortunately western media is finding it hard to digest the fact that India has been able to send a mission to Mars and hence they talk about Indian government spending money to eradicate poverty.


#13

tech.firstpost.com/news-analysis/mangalyaan-why-western-criticism-to-our-mars-mission-is-blatant-racism-215704.html


#14

From that site,quotes:

Apparently, the $75 million spent on the Mars mission is the only thing that keeps us from building toilets.

What if the 16,000 scientists and engineers now working on space development were deployed instead to fix rotten sanitation?

Someone from Oxford wants to know why don’t we all Indians work on toilets and potty research?

If this author lived at the time of Renaissance, s/he might have written:

[quote]Newton, Michelangelo and da Vinci are wasting time instead of building toilets.Poverty should indeed be an excuse to postpone great achievements.

Our ancient scientists spent all their lives looking at space. In the recent times, scientists such as Subramaniam Chandrashekar (Nobel laureate in astrophysics), SN Bose (Boson was named after him)
[/quote]

sn bose also provided the foundation for Bose–Einstein statistics and the theory of the Bose–Einstein condensate.


#15

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