Innocent and Non-Innocent Protestants, and Zachariah and St Joseph
Formal and Material Heresy, and Zachariah and St. Joseph
Zachariah can be like a formal heretic, and st joseph, a material heretic, as follows:
Zachariah disbelieves the message from God, because of ill will, his rejection of God's truth is CULPABLE. "How will I know...?"
St Joseph in the first case is OBJECTIVELY in error, but not culpable for it, (he thinks Mary has been playing around, but he cannot be faulted. How the heck is he supposed to know that God has performed one of the greatest miracles of history in Her womb. But he is enlightened by God's messenger, he DOES believe. Also, he is not judgemental, like a Pharisee, rather than subject Mary to cruel stoning, he resolves, out of genuine love, to put her away quietly. Later, he is IGNORANT of Herod's threat to the child, like an innocent heretic can be ignorant of certain things through no fault of his own. St Joseph never could have known of Herod's plans in time, had not the MESSENGER of God told him.)
Hence, the MONTHS that separate events, both of the culpable one in error, and the non culpable one in error and innocently ignorant, give a SPIRITUAL meaning to the FIVE MONTHS of Protestantism APoclaypse 9, fifth trumpet:
Presumptuous culpable heretics, the ones who are in error but out of their own fault, are the torturing locusts, and the innocent heretics, who are not culpable for their errors and ignorance because they understandably do not trust the Catholic Church because of its moral corruption, are tortured by the SPIRITUAL dimension of five months, the five sacraments they lack because they are objectively outside the Church.
Too, like St Joseph, relative to the Christ, their visible blood does not run in Christ's body, since they are separated visibly, but they BELONG to Christ's Body by indirect affiliation, just as St Joseph's literal blood does not run in Christ, but he is ASSOCIATED with His family as a foster father.
Addendum: The formal heretic does NOT listen to God’s Messengers ,who are the BISHOPS, and CULPABLY so, but St. Joseph does, meaning, an innocent heretic would convert if a messenger properly his erros to him, per St. Augustine on heresy.