i found this quote from pope pius x...
Pope Pius X, Acerbo Nimis, 15 April 1905, Paragraphs 2, 26 >
"And so Our Predecessor, Benedict XIV, had just cause to write: 'We declare that a great number of those who are condemned to eternal punishment suffer that everlasting calamity because of ignorance of those mysteries of faith which must be known and believed in order to be numbered among the elect.' (...) These truths, indeed, far surpass the natural understanding of the people, yet must be known by all - the uneducated and the cultured - in order that they may arrive at eternal happiness."
how does this hold with the ideas of Inv. Ign. and material heresy? as it says in Lumen gentium, those who through no fault of their own know not the faith are not culpable for eternal punishment, but here, both Holy fathers seem quite adamant that those souls are in fact damned because of their ignorance.
needless to say i am confused, as St Francis Xavier also told the Asians when they asked him if there was a way to save the departed souls of their pagan ancestors who passed on before the missionaries came that "Alas there is none..." or something very close to that