I don’t know the subject area that you are talking about, to much of any extent.
Calvinism seems to be associated with the idea of predestination (sooner or later, as one gets into it) and, in a nutshell, Catholicism does not support that idea.
But, I can’t resist the temptation to expound on a general matter regarding the Bible. All protestants use Martin Luther’s version of the Bible, eliminating 7 books and other verses in the Old Testament. So, calvinism, all protestantism (seventh day adventists, mormons, evangelicals, etc.) which uses Luther’s Bible is following his heresy of denying scripture.
2 Tim 3 is where Paul says that all scripture is inspired by God. This is concise but vague. What should one understand about the meaning of “all scripture”? Well, it seems to me and to many Catholic sources that I have consulted, that the “scripture” of the Old Testament in Paul’s time was the Septuagint, from which all the quotations of the OT in the NT are taken. (Note, the Septuagint and the Masoretic texts agree in many places, so you needed assume that only some citations in the NT are from both sources – one source, the Septuagint) is sufficient.
So, along comes Luther. On the day he was born there were 73 books in the Bible; on the day he died, his Bible translation had only 66 books.
Now, a lot of Protestants like to brag that their only authority is the Bible. Well, where did it say Luther could take out those 7 books et al. ?
Dr. Scott Hahn (EWTN) sometimes discusses his early calvinist beliefs. Generally, he says that calvinists and a lot of other protestants don’t take their ideas to the logical conclusion, which would lead them back to the truths taught by the Catholic Church.
By all mean, continue your study, but I have the conviction that it cannot be defended, right from the get-go i.e. what is the Bible?