I am confused. I read where the Catholic Church and previous popes and catechisms stated that the death penalty was permitted. Aquinas also spoke allowing the state to inflict the penalty. In fact the Vatican had the death penalty until 1969. The recent Catcchism of the Catholic Church speaks of it as not “necessary.” I think it is for various reasons, among which are proportionality, deterrence and justice. Can I as a good Catholic, still advocate the death penalty? Is it different from abortion which I as a Catholic MUST oppose? I think the morality is different in the situation of the guilt and innocence of a murderer versus an unborn child.