When Jesus said to render unto Caesar what is Caesar’s, that tells me that Jesus is perfectly okay with us owning personal and private property. He was also telling us that we should respect what belongs to others.
The taxes mentioned here have nothing to do with property owned by the Jewish people during Roman rule (Matt 22:15; Luke 12:17)
Two type of taxes were being enforced on the Jewish people: Poll-Tax and Tribute Money.
The Jewish people had to pay for privileges to the Roman Empire and in return brought peace and tranquility to the people under its sway. The emperor should be respected and obeyed whenever his will does not clash with the divine will. See Rom. 13:1–7. But when there is a clash the rule laid down in Acts 5:29 must be followed.
God must receive all the glory and honor
The tax represented “foreign domination and because it had to be paid with a coin that bore an image of the emperor” (Brooks, Mark , p. 192)
Also, look up poll-tax (Matthew 22:15)
Dowling observes, “They were paying for value received: law and order, military protection from marauders, good roads and harbors, freedom of travel, all the sturdy building for which Rome was famous.
Expenses of government, and especially of supporting an army to defend them from their enemies.
Tribute tax-The Jewish people had to tribute tax to the Roman Empire for support of their Temple
Administration, roads, defence against enemies and protection from criminals
The most significant part of life is that which belongs to God ; rendering to God what is God’s is accordingly the most important duty we have. We should be clear, too, that Jesus is not saying that we can divide life into separate compartments so that God has nothing to do with that section which belongs to Caesar. The obligation to God covers all of life; we must serve Caesar in a way that is honoring to God.
Morris, L. (1992). The Gospel according to Matthew (558). Grand Rapids, Mich.; Leicester, England: W.B. Eerdmans; Inter-Varsity Press.
This particular subject on “rendering to Cesar what is Cesar’s, rendering to GOD what is God’s” is very consistent with building treasures in heaven and not on Earth.
The main idea here is that Jesus knew he was being placed in a trap BUT our Lord Jesus Christ gave them the best answer!!!
Cooper, R. L. (2000). Vol. 2 : Mark . Holman New Testament Commentary; Holman Reference (202). Nashville, TN: Broadman & Holman Publishers.
The Pulpit Commentary: St. Mark Vol. II . 2004 (H. D. M. Spence-Jones, Ed.) (155). Bellingham, WA: Logos Research Systems, Inc.
Knowles, A. (2001). The Bible guide (1st Augsburg books ed.) (431). Minneapolis, MN: Augsburg.