alright so im taking this ethics class a very interesting entertaining class, and right now we are studying Kantian ethics which goes under the category of deontology.
Kant says that there is never an instance that lieing would be morally acceptable, mainly becuase you can’t conceive of that type of a world (categorical imperative)
then my teacher explains objections to this claim that there could be situations where telling the truth would appear to be the bad thing to do
your roommate (bob lets say) runs by you and is yelling “help help he is trying to kill me” your roommate runs to the library and hides then a few seconds later a madman comes by and says hey have you seen bob. Now the question here is would it be morally acceptable to tell the madman where your roommate bob is, or would it be morally acceptable to lie in order to save your friends life. Kant argues that it is better to tell the truth then lie.
another example he brought up with this is your aunt makes you this really really ugly scarf, its ichy the colors make no since its uneven at the bottoms and you absolutely hate it. The she calls you and asks do you love the scarf I sent you? would it be morally acceptable to tell her the truth even though it could ruin her day, or if she is suicidal end her life. Or would it be better to lie to her saying oh i loved it even though your really hatted it making her feel better inside
a third and final example your dieing grandpa big cubs fan is on his death bead about to die. He knows the cubs are in game 7 of the world series but he didn’t know the outcome so right before he takes his final breath he says asks you “did the cubs win the world series” but you know that they didn’t win the world series they blow the lead in the 9th. Would it be morally acceptable to lie to him and say yeah the cubs won the game, or would it be morally acceptable to tell the truth ending his life on a low note.
these are very complex ethical issues so its not a very clear issue.
all these are examples he used in class