Is the canon of scripture closed?


#1

why?

If the office of an apostle is ongoing, would that no indicate that the canon of NT scripture would still be open?

What are the facts?


#2

It is implied that the Canon of Scripture was Closed in the Council of Trent. Though I actually look at the document and it doesn’t even mention it was closed.

The Jewish canon is believed to be closed in the Council of Jamnia in 90 AD.


#3

The Church could declare tomorrow that another text was to be added to the Bible.
It hasn’t happened for many years, because there is a feeling that public revelation was made complete with Jesus, and there simply aren’t any more early texts of sufficient quality to be serious candidates. However one could turn up.


#4

I note with interest your mention of the Hebrew Canon being closed in the Council of Jamnia in 90AD. This is the scripture canon that Protestants adhere to. Catholics accept the Greek Canon, defined in the Council of Alexandria by the Septuagint (a group of 6 rabbis from each of the 12 tribes of Israel.) This Council ran off and on from 250 BC to 125 BC. The importance of the dates is that the Old Testament had not been concluded with the tearing of the curtain in the Temple when Jesus died on the Cross. The Hebrew Canon excluded all those books written in Greek by the Jews who had not returned to Isreal. This is where we as Catholics have more books in our Bible. The reason the books in Greek were excluded is because all of our New Testament books were written in Greek and this was their way of reputiating Christianity.
Deacon Ed B


#5

The public Revelation ceased with the death of the last Apostle. There are no additional Apostles. There are successors of the Apostles in their office, but they are Bishops, not Apostles.


#6

The fact is the office of apostle, strictly speaking, is not ongoing – it ended with the death of the last apostle appointed by Jesus (commonly beleived to be John).

The office of bishop, while being the successors of the apostles in authority, differs from the office of apostle.

From the Catechism of the Catholic Church:

**The bishops - successors of the apostles **

861 “In order that the mission entrusted to them might be continued after their death, [the apostles] consigned, by will and testament, as it were, to their immediate collaborators the duty of completing and consolidating the work they had begun, urging them to tend to the whole flock, in which the Holy Spirit had appointed them to shepherd the Church of God. They accordingly designated such men and then made the ruling that likewise on their death other proven men should take over their ministry.”

860 In the office of the apostles there is one aspect that cannot be transmitted: to be the chosen witnesses of the Lord’s Resurrection and so the foundation stones of the Church. But their office also has a permanent aspect. Christ promised to remain with them always. The divine mission entrusted by Jesus to them “will continue to the end of time, since the Gospel they handed on is the lasting source of all life for the Church. Therefore, . . . the apostles took care to appoint successors.”

The foundational truths of our Faith were set down by the apostles by the time the last one died. It is to the office of bishop that “the Faith once for all delivered to the saints” (Jude 3) is safeguarded and passed on to all subsequent generations.


#7

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