In Isa 49:3, which closely precedes Isa 53, the servant is identified as Israel.
Israel, the servant, would be the light that shows the way to God and salvation as said in Isa 49:6
In order to claim that Jesus, and not Israel, is the servant in Isa 53, the prior identification of the servant by Isaiah must be discounted, ignored, or rationalized away; which I understand that most do not have a problem doing… but just to make it clear, I do believe God meant it when He said His counsel would stand and that He declared these things Himself (Psa 33:1; Prov 8:13-15; Prov 19:21; Prov 22:20; Isa 25:1; Isa 45:21; Isa 46:10 and that the counsel of the people would not stand (Psa 33:10; Psa 81:12; Psa 83:3; Isa 30:1; Isa 47:13) and that He would not change (Malachi 3:6) and this is where my hope rests.
Isaiah 53:1-12 God stated in Isa 49:6 that Israel would be given/revealed as the light to the Gentiles
Vs 2: Ezekiel 17:22-24; Isa 5:6-7
Vs 3: Isa 49:7 (the servant declared in vs 3 of this chapter )
In Psa 44:13-15 Israel is portrayed as being scorned by people of the nations.
According to the New Testament Jesus often had large crowds following him. Jesus was portrayed as being quite popular in Luke 4:15.
Vs 4: Isa 48:1 (note that Jacob is called by the name of Israel… very true in today’s world) and then 48:10 the servant was afflicted by God.
Psa 44:11,13-15 depicts Israel as being stricken by God.
Vs. 5: In Jer 30:12, Israel is depicted as being wounded.
Israel was wounded through foreign conquest and exile but in this wounding, the Gentile nations would be “healed” because when Israel was later uplifted, restored, and glorified, the nations would come to see that the God of Israel was the one true God.
(Ezek 37:11-12, Isa 49:22-23, Isa 52:13-15, Isa 56:1-8, Isa 60:10, Isa 61:5-6, Jer 30:10-22)
Vs. 6 and 7: Psa 44:11,22 depicts the afflicted Israel as a sheep led to slaughter, scattered among the Gentiles.
Jesus did open his mouth at both his trial and execution. Also Zechariah 13 (note verse 1 before claiming this is Jesus… God said HIS counsel will stand).
Vs 8: Israel was taken away to exile by the Gentile nations.
Jer 31: 27-28; Isa 52:13-15
Vs 9: Jesus did the reverse of what this verse says.
Jesus made his grave with the rich, being buried in a fancy tomb.
Jesus was with the wicked, the two thieves, in his death.
Jesus did violence when he used a whip and overturned tables at the Temple(John 2:13-15).
Jesus claimed that he did not come to bring peace but a sword(Matt 10:34).
In Zeph 3:13 the righteous remnant of Israel are described as having no iniquity and no deceit in their mouths.
Vs 10: The travail of Israel would eventually be finished and in the future Messianic era, the servant Israel would be restored, would expand and prosper, and be glorified before the world.
(Isa 52:13-15, Ezek 36:37, Isa 65:22-23, Zeph 3:20)
And look ------> (Zech 8:23). IMMANUEL (GOD WITH US) The Jewish have been declared as Immanuel… again (GOD WITH US!!) Named by the Virgin, who you will find in Amos 5:1-6… it all fits together quite perfectly once you understand the beginning.
Jesus had no seed, did not prolong his days, and did not prosper during his life according to the popular Christian view.
Vs.11: The servant is Israel, which was identified by Isaiah in the preceding chapters.
Isa 49:3 And said unto me, Thou art my servant, O Israel, in whom I will be glorified.
Vs 12: a restored Israel would gather the wealth of the surrounding nations(Zech 14:14; Psa 68:10-12;).
Through its displayed suffering and subsequent restoration, Israel would pave the way for the “heathen” of the world to be brought to knowledge of the one true God(Ezek 34:27-30).
Israel is the vehicle that God uses to bring other nations to knowledge of him(Isa 49:6).
There are many reasons why the verses in Isa 53 don’t clearly point to Jesus.
Jesus can be inserted into Isa 53 by believers if they need Jesus to be there, but there is no solid justification for asserting that the passage is actually about Jesus.