Hi, I hope you are all well.
As a Muslim, I would just like to clarify in this thread that Islām is not the monolithic religion many non Muslims may believe it to be, or many Muslims make it out to be.
Even within Sunnī Islām today, you have distinct groups or movements who in some form claim to be the true Sunnīs, here are two such examples:
Asharī- An incredibly influential theological school founded in the 10th century, and became the mainstream school for Sunnī Muslims from the 12th century until the 20th century. The Asharī scholars are generally from Greater Syria, Egypt, and the rest of North Africa. Their scholars hold the strange view that God may reward or punish whomever He pleases, and they have a nominal view of free will.
Salafī- Perhaps the face of mainstream Islām today. There are two types of Salafīs: one type does not follow any school of Jurisprudence and the other type follows the Hanbalī school. Their scholars are ultraconservative, and are also accused by their opponents of holding anthropomorphic views about God.
It’s worth noting that even these groups aren’t monolithic, and so it’s very difficult to generalise things about them.
Let me know your thoughts, or ask me questions related to this topic.