Hi e - I’m in a bit of a hurry right now but I’m just going to put up a few things on baptism. I’m assuming the questions have to do with *infant *baptism, and also baptism *not using total immersion. *
Would there have been enough water for total immersion…?
ACTS 9:8-19 (The account of Paul’s baptism. He was “in the house of Judas” on “the street called Straight”. The account seems to place his baptism between the time he “rose” and his “taking of food”. If he was baptized in the house, would there have been enough water for total immersion?)
ACTS 16:23-34 (The account of the Phillipian jailer. The context suggests that he and his family were baptized in the middle of the night. Would they have gone out seeking a body of water in the middle of the night? If not, would there have been enough water in the house for total immersion?)
“Whole households” - would it have included small children…?
ACTS 16:14-15 (LYDIA) …One who heard us was a woman named Lydia, from the city of Thyati’ra, a seller of purple goods, who was a worshiper of God. The Lord opened her heart to give heed to what was said by Paul. And when she was baptized, with her household, she besought us, saying, “If you have judged me to be faithful to the Lord, come to my house and stay.”
ACTS 16:33 (THE PHILLIPIAN JAILER) And he took them the same hour of the night, and washed their wounds, and he was baptized at once, with all his family.
1 CORINTHIANS (STEPHANAS) 1:16 I did baptize also the household of Stephanas. Beyond that, I do not know whether I baptized any one else.
The section of the Didache (circa 100 A. D.) on baptism, shows that non-immersion was an acceptable alternative to full immersion: "But if you have neither, pour out water three times upon the head into the name of Father and Son and Holy Spirit."
The section of John Salza’s “Scripture Catholic” website having to do with baptism is excellent: scripturecatholic.com/baptism.html