I’m really not well acquainted with modern-day Judaism, but I came across four points Wikipedia lists as Jewish objections to Jesus being the Messiah.
- Build the Third Temple (Ezekiel 37:26-28).
- Gather all Jews back to the Land of Israel (Isaiah 43:5-6).
- Usher in an era of world peace, and end all hatred, oppression, suffering and disease. As it says: “Nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall man learn war anymore.” (Isaiah 2:4)
- Spread universal knowledge of the God of Israel, which will unite humanity as one. As it says: “God will be King over all the world ― on that day, God will be One and His Name will be One” (Zechariah 14:9).
What is a Catholic to reply? I can think of some answers to 1 and 2, but the other two are kind of difficult.
My answers to the first two points would be these:
Jesus built the Church, the Third Temple if you will. A spiritual fulfillment, not a building. (But it does sound sort of contrived, since that’s really not the first thought when reading the text)
Israel is the spiritual fulfilment in the Catholic Church, a universal Israel.