Jihad: Rulings & Regulations


#1

Many folks here asked about Jihad esp. after what the pope said, here you are some info about it:

Meaning of Jihad:

First, we would like to start with stating that Islam does not call for violence; rather it abhors all forms of violence and terrorism, whether against Muslims or non-Muslims. Islam, moreover, calls for peace, cooperation, and maintaining justice, and provides for the happiness and welfare of humanity as a whole.

This fact is declared in the Qur’an when Allah says: (Allah commands justice, the doing of good, and liberality to kith and kin, and He forbids all shameful deeds, and injustice and rebellion: He instructs you, that ye may receive admonition.) (An-Nahl 16: 90)

Islam makes it obligatory upon Muslims to stand by the oppressed regardless of their race, color, religion or affiliation and say NO to the oppressor and ask him to respond to the voice of reason and justice.

Jihad is one of the words that have been misused due to misunderstanding its true meaning. The word “Jihad” is derived from the Arabic word “Jahd” which means fatigue or the word “Juhd” which means effort. A Mujahid is he who strives in the Cause of Allah and exerts efforts which makes him feel fatigued. The word “Jihad” means exerting effort to achieve a desired thing or prevent an undesired one. In other words, it is an effort that aims at bringing about benefit or preventing harm.

Jihad can be observed through any means and in any field whether material or moral. Among the types of Jihad are struggling against one’s desires, the accursed Satan, poverty, illiteracy, disease, and fighting all evil forces in the world.

**Is Jihad Synonymous with Aggression? **
it’s duty of all Muslims to clarify this points to non-Muslims, to give them clear picture as to what is really meant by “Islam”, and the true concept of Jihad. That’s why we find it worthwhile to cite for you the following finest remarks made by Dr Hammudah Abdul-Aati, in his book Islam in Focus, with some modifications:

"So much has been said or written about the “ruthless” Muslims, who emerged from the burning and dry deserts of dark Arabia to conquer the Roman and Persian protectorates, and even to venture around the walls of Europe. Many have expressed the opinion that those Muslims were motivated by religious zeal to spread Islam by force as far as they could reach. Many others consider this opinion silly and naive, because Islam – by its nature - cannot be forced upon people; and even if it were supposedly forced on the conquered people, it could not have lasted there for long, and non-Muslims would have been liquidated from the conquered regions.

History bears witness to the fact that wherever Islam reached it survived, with the exception of Spain on account of certain reasons, and that wherever the Muslim warriors went, they lived side by side with non-Muslim natives. Moreover, they argue, one cannot force a religion like Islam on any one and find him so sincere and honest about his faith as were those Muslim converts of the new lands. It needs more than compulsion to develop such good Muslims out of a defeated people, and it requires much more than suppression to make them uphold and cherish the “forced” religion.

**Jihad: When and Upon Whom? **

“Jihad becomes an individual duty on all Muslims in certain cases:

  1. When Muslims, who are legally responsible, attend the battlefield. At that time they are obliged to fight their enemy. Hence, Allah, the Almighty says: “O ye who believe! When ye meet an army, hold firm and think of Allah much, that ye may be successful." (Al-Anfal: 45)

  2. If enemies attack the country where Muslims live, all of them, male and female, must confront them. No one has the right to abandon this duty as long as there is no other way to repulse the enemy. In this respect, Allah, Exalted be he, says: “O ye who believe! Fight those of the disbelievers who are near to you.” (At-Tawbah: 123)

Jihad and Peace in Islam

Islam never believes in force or forcing anyone to become a Muslim. The Qur’an says: “Let there be no compulsion in religion: Truth stands out clear from Error: whoever rejects evil and believes in Allah hath grasped the most trustworthy hand-hold, that never breaks. And Allah heareth and knoweth all things.” (Al-Baqarah: 256)

Also, we read in the Qur’an: “And if your Lord had pleased, surely all those who are in the earth would have believed, all of them; will you then force men till they become believers?” (Yunus: 99)

We have never had any proof that Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him, or his Companions, may Allah be pleased with them, fought for forcing people to accept Islam. This is a matter of fact. Had people entered Islam because of force, they would have gone back to their roots after the fall of the Islamic Caliphate.


#2

This is nonsense. Jihad means struggle but it can be interpreted as either non-violent inner struggle (greater jihad) or violence (lesser jihad).

Regardless of which is greater or lesser, the Quran tells Muslims to Qatiloo the kufar. Qatiloo is derived from Qaf-T-L root and means fight and or kill. The meaning kill and fight are interchangeable in Qatiloo. So when the translators say ‘fight the infidels’ it does not mean a friendly boxing match - it means to fight to the death or at least until the other side (presumably the non-Muslim) submits.

The entire Surah 9 (so-called by many people the surah of the sword) uses the term ‘jahid’ numerous times - and each time it means to commit the jihad against the infidels in a violent struggle.

This is seen when the Muslim is asked to do jihad by Qatiloo-ing the infidels. Not a single word jahid in surah 9 can be construed to be peaceful. In fact, Muslims who perform acts in accordance to surah 9 are known as MUJAHEDEEN.

You’ve all heard this word before and it’s derivation is ‘JIHAD’ - and the meaning is ‘He who commits Jihad’.

Chau,
Rodrigo


#3

This is how Sheikh Abdullah bin Muhammad bin Hamid, former chief justice of Saudi Arabia defines the term ‘JIHAD’.

“So at first ‘the fighting’ was forbidden, then it was permitted and after that it was made obligatory: (1) against those who start ‘the fighting’ against you (Muslims) … (2) And against all those who worship others along with Allah.”

kashar.net/islam/?link=SJihad

Hardly peaceful I say.


#4

I was reading some books in the local Islamic mosques library. They all stated that jihad refered to primarily violent fighting against non-muslims. They were to be given a chance to convert, accept virtual slavery, or die. Islam needs to renounce all violence in the name of religion.

Maybe patience can explain why Copts are persecuted and killed?


#5

The problem with this is different Madha-hib schools of thought.

Too many things in Islam are left up to Imams to decide and interpret themselves.


#6

Firstly, I want to say that I’ve always been interested in ancient Egyptian history and would love to have been able to see the Great Pyramids, etc. in person. But because of terrorism, I can’t imagine that I will ever travel to Egypt. Sad.

  1. All of the peaceful suras were cancelled out in the Medinan period, or second phase of the Quran which teaches violence and jihad. So, the “peaceful” Islam only lasted for that short Meccan period and has not been valid for 700 years.

  2. Al-takeyya, al-takeyya and al-takeyya

[Moderator removed uncharitable comments]

  1. I pray that the Holy Spirit will open your heart and mind to the truth that Jesus Christ is the Savior and that you will discover what true peace is - the peace of Jesus in your heart. From what I have seen of Muslims in the Islamic world, they do not find inner peace or serenity in their faith, only fear, anger and hate. Why?

http://www.trosch.org/jpi/koran2.jpg

http://www.dallasnews.com/sharedcontent/nationworld/dailyimages/091806pope.jpg


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