Jeanne1184 #5 Re: John 16:13
The reason that there are so many interpretatons of the Bible, seems to me, is because the Indwelling of the Holy Spirit appears to be so rare in our time. People definitely have Insights/Grace when studying or pondering but that serves to increase Thirst.
The are so many misinterpretations of the Bible because of the misapprehensions which give rise to the misrepresentations of selfist explanations. Jesus didn’t give us a Bible, He gave us His Church, whose followers wrote it. The books, and no more nor less, which comprise the Sacred Scriptures have been authorized only by His Church.
It is plainly ridiculous to imagine that any one of the thousands of different sects all teaching something different could have the fullness of truth.
The failure to understand Christ, His Church, Sacred Tradition and Sacred Scripture and the Magisterium, is highlighted in Sacred Scripture, and solved only by Christ’s Catholic Church:
St Paul’s epistles have “some things hard to understand, which those who are unlearned and unstable twist to their own destruction, as they do also the rest of the Scriptures.” [2Pet 3:16]
“…no prophecy of Scripture is of any private interpretation, for prophecy never came by the will of man but, but holy men of God spoken as they were moved by the Holy Spirit.” [2Pet 1: 20-21].
The Ethiopian eunuch reading Isaiah was asked by Philip who had been moved by the Holy Spirit – “Do you understand what you are reading? And he said, ‘How can I unless some man show me?’ And he asked Philip to come and sit with him.” [Acts 8:30-31].
how can I approach the Bible, knowing some of it was meant for everyone and some for the apostles only and discern the difference?
By acknowledging that the Bible was written by followers of Jesus who established His Church based on St Peter as His Supreme Vicar.
Christ wrote nothing and used quotes from the OT, as He established His Church and explicitly made four promises to Peter alone:
“You are Peter and on this rock I will build My Church.” (Mt 16:18)
“The gates of hell will not prevail against it.”(Mt 16:18)
I will give you the keys of the Kingdom of heaven.” ( Mt 16:19)
“Whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven.” (Mt 16:19) [Later also to the Twelve].
“Strengthen your brethren.” (Lk 22:32)
“Feed My sheep.”(Jn 21:17).
“And there are also many other things that Jesus did, which if they were written one by one, I suppose that even the world itself could not contain the books that would be written.’ (Jn 21:25).