I’m a high-school teacher (public school) and my students who take sociology sometimes pose questions to me from what they heard in class. I want to give a Catholic answer. Is there a clear Catholic answer or is the theology still developing?
Scenario 1: A train is barreling down a track about to kill 20 people and you have the choice to redirect the train to another track which contains only 1 person.
Scenario 2: A train is barreling down a track about to kill 20 people. You can stop/derail the train by actively pushing 1 person in front of the train to save the 20.
Scenario 3: Someone is going to kill your family of five if you do not kill one person (varying levels of social significance from a criminal to a world leader).
Scenario 4: National security is on the line and an individual with the power to stop a catastrophic event is unwilling. What is allowed to coerce him/her into stopping the event? Is there a difference between actively hurting and depriving the person of food/water/shelter/interaction?
PS: I’m sure I’m not the first person to pose these questions. Links to other forums or articles are welcome. Of course, CCC references are awesome.