I listened to a sermon online today. It was fantastic. Here a some main parts.
The Subdeacon represents the Jewish Nation.
The Deacon represents the Gentiles (Church)
The Priest represents Christ.
The Liturgical South is the Jewish side. So that is why the Subdeacon chants the epistle from the Liturgical South. The the other Sacred Ministers cover their heads with a biretta during the Epistle because they represent the Jew’s response: unmoved by the saving message and the mysteries of redemption.
The Liturgical North is the side of the Gentiles (Church). By the Sacred Ministers standing and taking off their birettas it should the eagerness of the gentiles to accept the message of the Gospel and the heads are uncovered to show the mysteries of redemption have been revealed.
The order of the sacred ministers: Priest, Deacon, then Subdeacon. This symbolizes the Church (deacon) to the place of the Jews (Subdeacon)
The Subdeacon holds the humeral veil infront of his eyes along with the paten during the canon because the Jews didn’t join the Catholic Church and the mysteries of redemption are veiled from them. (I’m guessing that the paten is covered because it symbolizes the mystery of redemption not being believed by the jews). His eyes are veiled because the Jews understanding and believe was veiled and the Subdeacon represents the Jews.
After the Canon, the subdeacon removes the humeral veil and the paten is uncovered because the mysteries of redemption will be revealed to the jews at the end of the world. Therefore, the subdeacon helps the priest and deacon with holy communion, the deacon and subdeacon receive the blessing at the same level on the steps and the subdeacon holds up the last gospel.
I thought this was amazing symbolism that should have never been taken out of the Mass. Please comment.